How to Cite Journal Articles

Citing reference materials properly will add clarity and consistency to an essay or other scholarly project. Here is how to cite journal articles using several popular styles of citation. Unless otherwise noted, add a period after each “sentence,” or segment, of a citation.

Steps
Citing a Print Journal in MLA Style
Follow the basic style of MLA formatting in print journals. MLA is a consortium of teachers and scholars dedicated to promoting learning and establishing writing standards. Many scholars and academics choose MLA citations because of its ease and universality. Here’s the format to follow when citing a print journal in MLA:
In the following order, include the author’s name, the title of the article, the name of the journal (italicized), the series number/type of the journal (if applicable), the volume number (if applicable), the issue number (if applicable), the year of publication, and the page numbers of the article.

Make it look like this. In practice, the above structure should lend itself to a citation that looks like this:
Last, First M., and First M. Last (if multiple authors). “Article Title” Journal Title. Series Volume. Issue (Year Published): Page(s). Print.

Citing an Online Journal in MLA Style
Follow the basic style of MLA formatting in online journals. Citing an online journal is similar to citing a print journal, with a few exceptions: Include website title.

Specify “web” instead of “print.”

Include date website was accessed.

Make it look like this. In practice, the above structure should lend itself to a citation that looks like this:
Last, First M. “Article Title” Journal Title Series Volume. Issue (Year Published): Page(s). Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Citing a Journal on a Database in MLA Style
Follow the basic style of MLA formatting in databased journals. Citing an online journal is similar to citing a print journal, with one exception: Include name of database.

Make it look like this. In practice, the above structure should lend itself to a citation that looks like this:
Last, First M. “Article Title” Journal Title Series Volume. Issue (Year Published): Page(s). Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Citing a Print Magazine Journal in APA
Understand when to cite APA, or American Psychological Association. APA is a common reference style for the social sciences. APA requires both in-line citations and a references list.
List last name and initials for all authors. Use an ampersand (&) insteadof the word “and” for multiple authors in one work.

Only capitalize the first word in the title. Capitalize proper names as well.

You may use italics instead of underlining phrases for titles of books and journals.

Make it look like this. In practice, the APA reference list should look like this:

Citing an Online Journal in APA
Make it look like this. In practice, the APA reference list should look like this:

Citing a Journal in Chicago Style
Cite a journal in Chicago Style in much the same manner as a MLA, but with the following exceptions:
Write the author’s last name first, followed by a comma and then the first name and middle initial.

Use a period instead of a comma after the author’s name and after the journal’s title.

Indicate the entire range of pages referenced by your paper when citing a source. If you used information from pages 15, 32 and 41, your page range would be listed as 15-41.

Do not indent the first line of text, but indent every line under it.

Make it look like this. In practice, the above structure should lend itself to a citation that looks like this:

Related wikiHows
How to Create a Header in MLA Format

Sources and Citations
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/07/

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/07/

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

http://www.libs.uga.edu/ref/chicago2009.pdf

http://www.easybib.com/reference/guide/mla/journal

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