How to Climb a Tree

Climbing a tree is a great childhood pastime. But it doesn’t always come naturally, especially for those of us with a fear of heights or uncertainty as to the tree’s stability. Then there are those who want to climb trees for sport – or even as part of their job – and we’ll cover that, too. No matter how serious you are, the trees are out there ready to be climbed. Are you ready?

Climbing for Fun
Find a nice sturdy, big tree and inspect it. Make sure it has strong, large branches that can support your weight – a solid 8 inches around (20 cm) is a good size. Avoid a tree that has many branches below it, as this is a sign that the tree may be rotting or drying out.
If the tree has dying branches toward the bottom, that’s okay – those branches just aren’t getting enough sun. It’s branches towards the top that are rotting from the tip that you want to look out for (in addition to a pile of branches on the ground).

If the tree has decent-sized branches toward the bottom, this will be even easier to climb up. Once in the branches, the hard part is done; the lower the branches are, the quicker the hard part passes!

If you aren’t sure, find out more about your local trees at a library, on the Internet, or by asking a teacher, a botanist or other tree-climbers.

Inspect the area, too. Just because a tree looks sturdy and is big does not mean it’s safe. Here are a few other things you should look for: Are there power lines? If so, this is not a good tree to choose. You could get electrocuted.

Do you see any bark missing? This tree could be suffering from a fungus or virus, making it weak.

Are there any animals or nests in it? If so, choose another tree. Any number of things could go wrong if you encroach on their territory.

Throw on an old pair of pants, some gloves with grip, and tennis shoes. Climbing trees is not for those dressed in their Sunday best. An old pair of pants will protect your skin should you get scuffed or scratched, and should they rip, it’s okay. Gloves will help your grip and protect your hands, and tennis shoes will be the best to not lose traction on the bark. If you’re not scurrying up a trunk, gloves may not be necessary. If your hands can handle it, gloves are optional. Some people find that they have more dexterity and grip without them.

Start by stretching. Do this so that you don’t end up hurting yourself by pulling a muscle on your way up. Climbing will lengthen your muscles and put some pressure on them as you support your weight while hauling your body up the tree, so it’s good to get them warmed up.
If you’re going for a serious climb, get your muscles loose with a light jog and maybe some jumping jacks. Just cold stretching isn’t wise if you’re really about to put your muscles to the test.

Start your ascent. Look for a sturdy place for your foot or a secure spot for your hand. Trees have gnarls, knots, bark holes, smaller branches, etc., that you can use as footholds. Beware of any overly thin or crumbling spots though!
Wrap a foot and an arm on either side of the tree, and hoist yourself up, alternating between using your hands and your legs. Grip the sides of the tree with your thighs and calves to make it easier on your arms.

If you’re even the tiniest bit unsure, test out an area first. Press down on it with your hand or foot and see if it seems sturdy. If it is, move on in that path. If it’s not, find an alternate route.

Think of the actions of climbing animals. Think about how a monkey or a koala might climb the tree. It will give you a mental image of agility to keep your mind focused on climbing. Be very steady and firm in your climbing at first, as you get used to the climbing, you will be able to clamber up more quickly. Each tree is different. On one tree, you may be able to grab a low-hanging branch and flip up into the body of the tree. On another, you may have to scurry up the trunk, using knot after knot as a foothold. As you get more and more experience, what to do will become clearer and clearer.

Go as high as you possibly can. Don’t climb where you feel unsafe or unsure though – just remain within your level of comfort. The idea is to enjoy it, not scare yourself witless. Look around – are there any more branches that could support your weight?
Stick to the base of the branch, as this will be the sturdiest area. It will also make it easier and quicker to climb up. What’s more, every branch is attached to the trunk, so you have all your options at your feet.

Enjoy your view. Look around for animals in neighboring trees. Watch the clouds float on by. Look below if you dare and see how much smaller the world has become beneath your feet. What’s it like up there?
Some people can spend hours in trees, basking in how relaxing and freeing it feels. If you find a particularly good one, next time bring a book and a blanket and stay for a while!

Descend slowly and carefully. To go down make sure you move slowly and take your time. If you do not, you can end up seriously injured. Most of the time it helps to climb down facing the tree rather than trying to climb outwards. Take the same path you took up, if you can. You know that one is sturdy.

Again, stick to the base of the tree if you can. It provides you more options and is the strongest part of the tree.

If you can do that, find a more challenging tree to climb!

Climbing for Sport
Get the right equipment. If you’re looking to climb trees for sport (or even for pay, to clean up an area after a tornado or hurricane, for example), you’ll need the right equipment to keep you safe. Here’s what you’ll need:[1] Throw line. This is a brightly-colored, thin rope that gets literally thrown over the branch. It is attached to a weight, called a “throw bag.”

Static rope. This type of rope lacks the stretchiness of “dynamic” rope using in rock climbing.

Harness and helmet. You can use a helmet like those designed for rock climbing. However, you want a harness specifically designed for climbing trees. A rock-climbing harness would cut off the circulation to your legs.

A Prusik cord. This helps you ascend. It’s attached to your climbing rope and your harness with a carabiner. Alternatively, you can use a foot ascender.

Branch protector. Alternatively known as a cambium protector. These protect tree branches from friction, while helps your climbing rope last longer. Metal ones, which look like conduits, are more convenient than leather ones.

Select a safe tree. You’re looking to throw your rope over a branch that is, at the very least, 6 inches (15 centimeters) in diameter. Any smaller than that and it could snap. The bigger it is, the better. Here’s a few other things to consider:[2]Make sure it’s healthy. If the tree is old, diseased, or dying, leave it alone.

The tree needs to be away from hazards, like power lines, animals, and nests.

Make sure it’s big enough for your party. A spreading tree, like a hardwood, is best for large groups. Conifers are only suitable for 1 or 2 people.

Are you allowed to climb it? The last thing you want is to get into legal trouble for being on someone’s property illegally.

Finally, consider its location in general. Is it easy to get to? Will it be scenic at the top? What will the wildlife be like?

Once you’ve selected your tree, inspect it carefully. Just because a tree is big, sturdy, and in the right location doesn’t necessarily mean it’s fit for climbing. There are four zones you should consider in your inspection:[3]The wide angle view. Often trees are better viewed from far away. That way it’s easier to see an odd lean or an unstable branch, in addition to the commonly obscured power line.

The ground. Where you put your feet matters, too. You don’t want to pick a tree that has too many knots at its base, a nest of hornets, root decay, or poison ivy.

The trunk. Missing bark on a trunk may indicate decay or recent attack, both of which weaken the tree. And as for trees with two or three trunks, inspect where they branch off from at the base. Weakness should be avoided here.

The crown. Dead branches at the bottom of a tree are normal (they haven’t gotten enough sunlight); however, dead branches at the top mean the tree is dying. Any tree with a plethora of dead branches (especially on the top), should be avoided.

Once you’ve chosen the right tree, set up your climbing system. In the following steps, we will describe the double-rope technique, which is safer and easier for beginners. This method is especially common with oaks, poplars, maples, and pines (trees that grow around 100 feet tall).[4] Here’s how to start:
Loop your throw line over your selected, sturdy branch. You may need a specialized sling shot if the branch is that far away.

Then, the throw line is attached to the static rope so that it’s looped over the branch. At this point, your branch protectors should be placed on the rope.

Tie a series of knots, with the main knot being a Blake’s hitch. A double fisherman’s knot will go nicely around your carabiner.[5]This will advance you up the tree.

Put on your harness, helmet, and attach yourself to the climbing system. Make sure your harness is strapped on correctly and is snug. Once snug, attach yourself to the system – there are many ways to do this and it’s all a matter of preference. Then, it’s time to ascend up your tree! When you aren’t moving, it’s the main knot that holds you in place. For the record, the heavier and bigger you are, the more difficult this will be (children, in general, find it quite easy).[4] But anyone can do it!
Some climbers choose to use only their arms to climb. Others use either a foot loop or other “foot assist” method to easily push themselves up. Using a foot assist is very common.

You’re not technically climbing the tree. You’re climbing the rope, using the tree as your guide, or anchor. When you’re tired, just rest your feet on it if you’d like and resume when you’re ready.

Ascend up the tree as far as you wish. If you wish to pause and take in the view, all you have to do is let go (you’re safe!). It’s this kind of moment that’s often the most thrilling. Once you reach the branch where your rope is looped, you can descend whenever you wish.
If you’re not quite ready to come down and feel up to a bit of a challenge, you could always secure yourself to the branch and prepare to go higher. This will require placing new rope settings (called “pitches”) over above branches. However, this does take an experienced climber.[4]

Begin your descent. This is the simplest part: all you have to do is grab the main knot (the Blake’s hitch) and gently pull down. Don’t go too quickly! A safe descent is a slow descent.
Many seasoned climbers often place safety (slip) knots in their ropes to keep themselves from descending too quickly. But remember: if you let go, you’ll stop. The Blake’s hitch prevents you from falling if you, for any reason, would need to let go.

When you become a pro, try the single rope technique. It’s not a hard-to-decipher name: this is when you just use one rope anchored to a branch or base of a tree. You then climb the other end of the rope via some type of mechanical device, like a mechanical ascender, where you “inchworm” up the rope.[4]It’s easier to use your legs this way, making this method a little less strenuous. That being said, it actually requires more equipment. To ascend, you’ll need ascending devices and to descend, descending devices. However, devices that cover both can be found, though they’re rarer and more expensive.

Staying Safe
Take a class. No book or Internet guide can truly teach you how to technically and safely climb trees. To really good get at it and become a pro, take a class. Some cities and states offer them, and in growing number, too – tree-climbing is getting more and more popular.[6]Just doing it by trial-and-error is a terrible idea. A qualified instructor should be at your side at all times while you’re learning. Tree-climbing can be quite dangerous, so knowing what you’re doing is of utmost importance.

Always stay on rope. Once in a while, you may get the urge to go off your rope, to avoid an obstacle or get to a particular spot. Don’t do it! A wind could come up, you could lose your balance, and any number of things could then go wrong. Whether you’re just beginning out or a seasoned vet, always stay on rope.
Though it should go without saying, always wear a helmet, too. It’s easy to think that your head is safe and the tree is safe, but falling branches and other objects could result in serious injury.

Never climb near power lines. If your rope touches an active power line, you could get electrocuted. That quite literally will zap all the fun out of your tree-climbing excursion. When you’re doing your inspection, don’t even consider a tree that touches one of these.

Inspect a tree before you climb it. There are a number of factors you need to consider before climbing a tree and the most important one is safety. When you find a tree that looks promising, inspect its base, trunk, and branches. If it’s the right size, is sturdy and healthy, and there are no hazards, it could be a good contender.
Be careful in old trees. It’s possible they’re in the dying process and you don’t realize it – look for branches that are dying from their tips and dying branches up top.

Stay away from animals and nests. Climbing up a tree is all fun and games until a swarm of angry bees starts attacking you. Look for any sign of animals (insect or otherwise) before you begin.

Never wear leg spikes. It is highly frowned upon in the tree-climbing community to use leg spikes to climb trees (these essentially place a ladder-like rung under your foot and into the tree at all times). Why? They open up a tree to bacteria, viruses, fungi, and insects. Think of it as stabbing the tree, over and over. In the industry, they are only used for removing dead trees – they’re not even used for pruning.[5]If, for some reason, you absolutely have to use leg spikes, make sure to wash them with alcohol between trees. You do not want to spread illnesses from a sick tree to a healthy one.

The spot where the branch meets the tree is the sturdiest place on the branch to place your feet. Use those spots to your advantage.

Maintain as many points of contact with the tree as possible. If the branch under your foot breaks, you need to be able to hold yourself up with your hands.

A good way to check if a branch can support your weight is to compare it against your arm – typically, if it’s as thick or thicker than your bicep, it can easily hold your weight. Of course, the strength of the limb is also dependent on the specifics of the tree itself, so always test it before putting your weight on it to make sure it is sturdy. However, this rule is generally safe.

Make sure that the tree you are climbing is dry, as you could easily slip and fall.

Branches are strongest near the trunk.

Climbing a tree is not like climbing a ladder. You might have to get creative to reach the next branch – you can hook your knees and arms around branches, or use your hands to pull yourself up to a higher branch.

If you have a sturdy, trustworthy tree in your own backyard, you might considering adding climbing ropes and even a tree house to add to the fun of climbing it. Over time, this tree will become like an old friend, and you’ll know the ins and outs of climbing it without even thinking.

Start by climbing a tree recommended to you by someone in your neighborhood. If there is a tree no one else has climbed… there might be a good reason why not.

Look out for sticky sap, especially on pine trees.

Always look up while moving up the tree.

Be sure to try not to get your foot stuck between limbs.

Make sure you protect your palms and soles of your foot, as you can easily damage them from the rough bark.

Use your legs more than you use your arms, as it is much less tiring.

Use gloves to prevent splinters.

Always remember, if you were able to climb up, you are able to climb down.

Test branches before you rest your weight on them!

Watch out for biting insects in the tree bark, especially on the trunk; for example, ants.

Before climbing onto a hard-to-reach branch, make sure you can safely get down.

If you jump out of a tree, make sure to roll after you land, no matter how high you are. Even a four foot drop can seriously damage your ankles or knees if you don’t absorb the shock of landing.

Be careful of rotting or overly thin branches that cannot support your weight.

Watch for poison ivy.

Make sure you don’t disturb any animals!

Do not climb alone. Always take a climbing buddy or a person who remains at the base of the tree to keep an eye out for you. At the very least, make sure the tree is within yelling distance of parents, friends or other family members.

Never jump off a tree. If you need assistance, tell your climbing buddy to yell for help.

Tree climbing is illegal in most city and state parks.[5]
Things You’ll Need
A good tall and sturdy tree

A good pair of gloves and tennis shoes



Tree-climbing gear (if doing for sport)

Sources & Citations
Related wikiHows
How to Climb a Tree With No Branches

How to Climb Onto a Tree With Branches High Up

How to Measure the Height of a Tree

How to Climb a Ladder Safely

How to Find a Good Tree to Climb

How to Free Climb a Tree

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How to Clean the Oven

After months of roasting and baking, an oven tends to get fairly grimy. Built-up grease and charred food accumulate and turn into carbon, causing a strong burning smell when cooking. Letting your oven remain coated in carbon can eventually taint your food and even become a fire hazard. Read on for instructions on how to clean your oven, whether it has a self-cleaning feature or not.

Know what type of oven you have. There are a few standard types of ovens, and they each require slightly different cleaning methods.
Self-cleaning ovens have a feature that allows you to heat the oven to such a high temperature that the built up food and grease gets turned to ash.

Textured ovens, or continuous cleaning ovens, have a porcelain layer that is designed to burn spilled food away while you are using your oven to bake.

Regular ovens without these cleaning features must be cleaned regularly by hand.

Cleaning a Self-Cleaning Oven
Prepare to clean the oven. Choose a time to clean the oven when your kitchen area is at its least active.
Keep children and pets away from the kitchen while the oven is cleaning, since it heats to a very high temperature and tends to give off a burning smell.

Open your windows to ventilate the kitchen, so your family won’t be inhaling the fumes.

Remove the oven racks. Place them in a sink full of warm water mixed with a few drops of dishwashing liquid to soak.

Turn on the oven’s self-cleaning mode. This should lock the oven door and heat the oven to between 800 and 900 degrees Fahrenheit (427 and 482 degrees Celsius).
Make sure the oven door is locked before leaving the oven to clean. If the lock isn’t working, put masking tape or some other kind of barrier on the oven door so your family knows it is not to be opened.

The oven will clean itself for 2 to 6 hours, during which the grease and burnt food will turn into a light gray ash.

Let the oven cool for at least 2 hours following the cleaning cycle.

Open the oven door. Sweep out the ashes with a small brush and dustpan. Wipe the oven clean with a wet rag.

Clean the oven door. Scrub the inside of the oven door with a clean rag and a misting of a kitchen cleaning product. You can also use a vinegar and water solution to do the job.

Clean the oven racks. Scrub the oven racks in the soapy water. Rinse them off and dry them, then replace them in the oven.

Cleaning a Textured Oven
Remove the oven racks. Place them in a sink full of warm water mixed with a few drops of dishwashing liquid to soak.

Wipe the inside walls of the oven with a damp sponge. Since the oven cleans continuously, it does not need to be heated first. Make sure your oven is cold when you clean it.
Avoid using abrasive scrubbers or chemicals in your textured oven. These may damage the porcelain.

If necessary, use a solution of vinegar and water to wipe down the walls.

Clean the oven racks. Scrub the oven racks in the soapy water. Rinse them off and dry them, then replace them in the oven.

Cleaning a Non-Self-Cleaning Oven
Remove the oven racks. Place them in a sink full of warm water mixed with a few drops of dishwashing liquid to soak.

Make a cleaning solution. Load a 1-liter spray bottle with 4 tablespoons (56.7 g) of baking soda and fill the rest with water. Shake the spray bottle to moisten and dissolve the baking soda.

Spray down the oven. Spray the interior of a cold oven, focusing on the charred and stained areas, until the carbon is completely saturated. For particularly dirty ovens, increase the ratio of baking powder to water so that you have more of a paste than a liquid. Spread the paste all over the charred areas.

Allow the solution or paste to soak in for at least an hour. After an hour, test to area to see if the charred part has loosened.
If it’s still hard as a rock, douse it again with baking soda solution and allow it to sit for another hour.

If it’s loose enough to chip off, proceed to the next step.

Use a scraper to remove the loosened carbon. The type of scraper you would use to chip ice and snow off your windshield works well. Keep scraping until most of the carbon is gone.
Wear rubber gloves if you don’t want your hands to get black from the soot.

Spray the area with more baking soda solution as you go to make the loosening process easier.

Sweep out the debris you chipped off. Use a small brush and dustpan.

Spray the oven interior with the baking soda solution again. Allow it to soak in for an additional hour, then use a scrubber to remove the remaining carbon.

Wipe down the oven once more with a solution of half vinegar, half water. At this point the interior of your oven should be clean. If caked-on carbon remains, try the following alternative methods:
Use an industrial-strength oven cleaner. These contain chemicals that may be harmful to breathe, so use with caution. They typically instruct you to let the solution soak into the charred sections and then scrub out the oven.

Use ammonia. Pour it on the caked-on areas and let it sit for thirty minutes before scrubbing it off with a scrubber and then wiping with a damp sponge.

Clean the oven racks. Scrub the oven racks in the soapy water. Rinse them off and dry them, then replace them in the oven.

Caring for Your Oven In-Between Heavy Cleanings
Catch spills with a baking sheet. If you’re cooking something messy, place a baking sheet on the rack below it to catch grease and food spills.

Clean up spills right away. When something does bubble over onto your oven floor, you can begin the cleaning process even while your food is still cooking.
Sprinkle salt over the affected area, then close the oven door and finish cooking your food.

After you remove the food and turn off the oven, wipe up the spill immediately with a damp sponge.

Use a half-vinegar half-water solution for tougher messes.

Don’t worry about using too much baking soda. The more you use, thestronger the chemical reaction between the baking soda and the carbon.

Clean oven spills while they are still warm to prevent caking and charring.

If your sink isn’t large enough to soak your oven racks, use your bathtub instead. You will have to clean your bathtub afterward, though.

Read How to Clean a Stove for tips on cleaning your stovetop when you’re done with the oven.

Avoid getting the baking soda solution onto the glass oven door. Bakingsoda can get trapped between the panes.

Do not spray baking soda into a hot oven. You will burn yourself and get baking soda everywhere.

Things You’ll Need

Dishwashing liquid



Kitchen cleaning product

Spray bottle

Baking soda


How to Get a Bartending Job

Bartending jobs require skill, personality, and the endurance to keep working til the lights go out – not always an easy task. Bartending jobs are highly coveted, so before you apply, make sure you’ve mastered the basic skills and memorized the popular drinks. Read on to learn how to land a fun job as a bartender.

Hone Your Skills
Learn how to make drinks. In order to make drinks that look and taste like they were made by a professional, you’ll need to learn basic bartending skills beyond just pouring and mixing. Check out online tutorials with information on the following techniques, then practice them until you have them memorized. Here are some basics you should know before you start looking for a bartending job:
Shaking. This involves using a cocktail shaker to mix and chill drinks.[1] Straining. Cocktail shakers have built-in strainers, which you use to strain the ice from the liquid.

Stirring. There’s a proper way to do this to ensure the drink doesn’t get watered down.

Muddling. This involves using a muddler to press the flavor from fresh ingredients.

Blending. You’ll need a blender to make drinks like blended margaritas.

Memorize the classics. Start building your knowledge of different types of alcohol and learning how to make the most popular drinks. To a certain extent, the type of drinks you’ll need to know how to make depends on the bar where you work; a high-end urban bar might focus on specialty martinis, while a college bar might serve a lot of Irish car bombs. Still, no matter where you work, you’ll need the most popular standards in your repertoire. Learn how to make the following:
Basic mixed drinks like a whiskey soda, a greyhound, orange juice and vodka, Jack and coke, gin and tonic, and so on.

Other highballs like a bloody Mary, dark and stormy, fuzzy navel, melon ball, and Alabama slammer.

Lowballs such as a White Russian, a godfather, and a peppermint patty.

Martinis, Manhattans, and Rob Roys.

Tropical drinks like pina coladas, daiquiris, margaritas and hurricanes.

Shots like a lemon drop, slippery nipple, Jäger bomb or an orgasm.

Other cocktails like a mimosa, a mint julep, a mojito, or an Irish coffee.

Observe bartenders in action. There are little tricks to pouring a good beer, mixing drinks, and saving time behind the bar. Watch how your mixer handles drink orders. Most of it is not rocket science; the most commonly ordered drinks are liquor plus a mixer. Buy drink manuals to learn about the more complex drinks and practice at home.

Consider whether you want to go to bartending school. They’ll teach you the basics and you’ll have an opportunity to practice making drinks. Make sure the school you choose has a real working bar and all real bartending equipment. Bartending is a manual skill that requires speed and dexterity. There is no substitute for hands on training.

Go Job Searching
Apply for jobs you find online. A lot of bartending jobs are advertised on online classifieds websites. Do a job search and keep a list of the jobs that sound appealing to you. Some may ask you to submit a resume online, while others will ask you to come in for an in-person interview.
If you’re worried you don’t have enough experience, that shouldn’t necessary deter you from applying. If you’ve practiced bartending skills and memorized the drinks, you may get hired anyway.

Make sure your resume is up to date, well-written, and proofread. Highlight any customer service experience you have, not just bartending experience. Any type of restaurant work is also a plus.

Some establishments prefer to hire bartenders with no experience because they won’t have any bad habits to break. Experienced or not, the cover letter and resume need to be exciting and pop with personality. A great personality and attitude will elevate you above the competition every time.

Go to bars and talk to the managers. If you have a favorite watering hole, find out who the owner is and start talking him/her up. Befriend the bartenders, barbacks, and cocktail waitresses, and let them know you’re looking for a bartending job. Tip well, go often, and generally be a happy, useful presence at the bar. The manager will be happy to hire you when a position opens up.

Look for charity guest bartending gigs. Many big cities are now offering this option. You pick a charity, promote the event, and bring your friends in. In exchange, you and a couple friends get trained for the evening and get to mix drinks all night. It’s a great way to get some experience and make contacts. If you impress the bar owner, it could lead to a job.

Land the Job
Prepare for your interview properly. Many bartending job applicants go into their job interviews unprepared. If you look at bartending as a quick fix or so easy to do that you don’t need to prepare, you will not get the job. Just like you would for any job, show up to the interview with a positive, friendly attitude and respect for the position.
Dress the part. Your appearance will be a factor when it’s time to interview for a job. If you want a gig at a fancy restaurant, dress professionally. If you want a job at a hip club, dress edgy. If a dive bar gig is fine by you, dress tough. Most bars are going for a certain look or image, whether they tell you that or not.

Be ready to show your skills. Don’t show up without knowing how to make a martini.

Be personable. If you have a fun, charismatic personality, your lack of experience won’t matter nearly as much. Tell some funny anecdotes and crack a lot of jokes. Make it clear that you love talking to people, telling stories, and lending an ear.

Act responsible. A bartender’s job is fun, but there’s also a lot of responsibility involved. You have to open and close the bar, handle cash and credit cards, make sure you don’t serve minors, and stop serving people who’ve had enough to drink. Show that you’re mature and capable of handling the types of situations that are bound to arise late at night when the alcohol is flowing.

Catering companies are a good place to start. They are easier jobs to get, if you can be of service a little bit, and you will learn a lot by doing basic drinks and pouring wine and beer.

If you plan on going to a bartending school check their Better Business Bureau profile, and if they are licensed by the state department of education. Check how long they have been in business. Beware of any school or service that guarantee you a job or job placement. In most states, it’s illegal. All a school can do is offer job placement assistance.

Although some disagree, being a barback isn’t a bad place to start. You learn from the bartenders you are working for and work your way up. A good bartender will tip you for your hard work and they might even teach you a thing or two.

Often bar managers prefer people without previous experience as they don’t have to be untrained of previously learned skills. This is especially true of small family run or local pubs and hotels which may have their own unique ways of operating. So never hold back from applying for a bar job because you don’t think you have enough experience. We all have to start somewhere.

Remember that the bar is a stage. You aren’t just there to serve drinks but to entertain and perform. Remember the regulars names and usual drinks. Make an effort to connect with everyone. You don’t have to tell jokes but be genuine, be yourself and enjoy the company of others. A smile, a nod or just the ability to laugh at your own mistakes can bring down the barriers and make the job fun,pleasant and rewarding.

Always be honest about your skills and experience. You do yourself or your employer no favors if you don’t have the skills you say you have. And be willing to ask if there is anything that is not clear or you don’t understand. It shows intelligence, maturity and willingness to learn. Better to ask a stupid question and risk looking a fool than not asking and confirming you are one.

Where alcohol is involved, people can forget themselves and (with the exceptions of threatening, abusive or violent behavior). Be prepared to see, hear and learn things that discretion requires you keep to yourself. Do not be a gossip and be quick to forgive and forget.

Related wikiHows
How to Get a Job After You’ve Been Fired

How to Be Confident and Outgoing in a Job Interview When You Are Blind or Visually Impaired

How to Get a Job

How to Find a Job if You Are Disabled

How to Stock a Bar

How to Choose a Bartending School

Sources and Citations
Cite error: tags exist, but no tag was found


How to Install an Apple TV

Apple’s digital media device, the Apple TV, allows users to stream videos, music and TV, using a high-speed Internet connection. It is highly compatible with other Apple products and Internet TVs. You must have an HDMI connection and a wireless or Ethernet connection in order to install Apple TV.

Connecting the Hardware
Purchase an HDMI cable if you don’t have one already. They are available at tech stores and online for $5 to $20. HDMI cables have two identical ends, and they are used to connect both video and audio.

Choose a location for your Apple TV that is very close to the TV and to an electrical outlet.

Turn your TV off while you connect the cables. Insert one end of the HDMI cable into the back of the TV. Insert the other end into the back of the Apple TV.
Both ports should say “HDMI.”

Plug the Apple TV power cable into the wall. Then, plug the other end into the power port in the back of the Apple TV device.

Insert the Ethernet cable into the back of the Apple TV if this is your chosen Internet connection. If it is not, you can skip this step. Insert the other end of the Ethernet cable into your modem.

Installing the Apple TV
Grab your Apple TV remote. This is a small silver and black remote that looks like an iPod.

Press the center button of the remote to start the Apple TV. It may have powered on automatically upon being plugged in.

Choose your language by scrolling up and down with the buttons above and below the center circle on your remote. Click the center button to select the language.

Choose the network you want to use. It may be automatic if you are plugged into the Ethernet. You will need to scroll and select the wireless network if not.
Always use the center of your remote to select.

Type in your wireless network password in the space provided. You will need to use the up, down, left and right directional buttons around the outer circle to choose numbers and letters and type your password. Press the select button when you are finished.

Decide whether you want to share your data with Apple. Confirm or select “No Thanks.”[1]

Changing Apple TV Settings
Look for the main menu that lists the TV, music and interactive channels that are available to you on this device. Press the small Menu button on the bottom left of your remote to get back to this main menu at any point.

Scroll through the apps with your directional buttons. Select the “Settings” Channel.

Click on “General.” Look for the “Update Software” option to ensure your Apple TV software is up to date.

Return to this general menu to change your network, switch languages, adjust time and fine-tune your Apple TV settings.

Press the Menu button and click on a channel that you’d like to peruse. The first time you use a channel, you will be asked to enter a confirmation code that you have an account or you will asked to enter your username and password. Set up all your channels so that you can use your Apple TV to stream content right away.

Have your Apple ID nearby. Your Apple TV allows you to connect to your iTunes account through this ID. You can purchase music or movies through iTunes or the Apple movie store using this ID, since it is associated with your credit card.[2]

Things You’ll Need
Apple TV power cable

HDMI cable

Widescreen/HDMI compatible TV

Apple TV remote

Ethernet cable

Sources and Citations
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How to Be an Attractive Woman

There is a common misconception that physical appearance completely determines attractiveness, but this is simply not true. If you want people to be drawn to you, there are a variety of things you can do as a woman that will have others flocking to you in time.

Be You
Be distinctly you. If you observe people at a party or any social gathering, you’ll notice the majority of guys drawn to women with unique (but not intimidating) personalities. Focus on what makes you interesting and fun to talk to, and let those aspects of your personality shine through.

Love yourself. You can be pretty but not attractive if you don’t learn how to love yourself. Nobody will care how shiny and thick your hair is, for example, if you keep complaining about your waist size. Confidence is powerful and infectious, so try to learn to be confident.

Be principled. Stick up for what you believe in. Knowing what you like and don’t like, what you believe in and what you disavow, is extremely attractive. Being principled will help you maintain your moral compass and keep your social life tidy.

Don’t necessarily listen to the opinion of other women when pursuing men. Every woman has their own perception of beauty and what they think men find attractive. “Wear this,” “Do that,” “Show your left ankle; men love it, and they will respect you for it too!” While sometimes helpful, this kind of advice can keep you distracted from the real goal: expressing who you are. Go with your own gut, your own instinct; the men who don’t respect you for it aren’t the men you want to attract. Besides, women all have different ways/methods of attracting others.

Be Outgoing
Be willing to participate. Whether it’s talking, eating, gaming, dancing, or snorkeling, it’s only polite to join in. Who knows, you might learn something, too. A person who just sits there watching might as well be wearing a flashing neon sign that says “I’m a boring person who doesn’t like fun!”
This doesn’t mean you should join in drinking or partying if you’re not into those things. Participate only in what you have fun doing.

To get involved, walk kindly up to a person or group and ask, “Do you mind if I join you?” If they say yes, go ahead and have fun. If they say no, you probably wouldn’t have had fun joining them anyway!

Be capable of carrying on a conversation. You don’t need to have something in common with a guy for conversation to blossom, but it helps. If a guy tries to talk to you and you just stand there, he’s going to move on, so learn to be interested in lots of different topics and remember to ask questions. A good conversation starter is to ask his opinion about something superficial, such as whether INXS picked the right guy or if he did anything fun recently. Avoid asking him for input about your looks, as it can seem like you’re fishing for compliments.

Keep the conversation light. Above all, don’t put yourself down, unless you do so in a humorous way.

Maintain eye contact. This will help establish a deeper connection. You’re reminding him that you’re paying attention, and that you expect him to do the same.

Be Positive
Be kind. A rude person turns ugly in the eyes of whoever who sees her, just as someone who’s nice turns into a prettier person in the eyes of everyone who sees her.
Try to be nice to everyone, but also be ready to defend yourself against any rude attitudes, since letting people walk all over you is not very attractive.

If anyone is “different”, avoid making fun of them or giving them a nasty, “I am better than you” look.

Don’t be afraid to smile. Even a little smile will make you more attractive. What else could be more inviting and approachable?
Be readable. You don’t have to be predictable, but don’t keep a poker face when it comes to emotions. Guys want a little feedback.

Don’t force it if it’s not there. Try to smile, but don’t be fake. Smile when you feel like it.

Take Care of Yourself
Be healthy. Eyes take kindly to a woman who takes care of herself. Find a happy medium for your weight, eat well, get enough sleep, and exercise.

Being healthy makes you more energetic, is great for your mental health, and does wonders for your confidence.

Take care of your skin. Blemishes, especially those on the face, can be distracting.
Wash your face regularly, and wear moisturizer and sunblock daily to prevent wrinkles and sun damage.

Apply makeup to accentuate your complexion, but never to hide your features.

Be hygienic. Maintain your body’s cleanliness so that you always smell and look fresh and lovely.
Take showers, brush your teeth after every meal, and wear clean clothes.

Keep your hair healthy and styled. They say that the hair is the portrait of the face, so make sure it looks great.
Comb and brush your hair every day. Greasy or damaged hair is seldom attractive.

Favor styles that fit your facial shape. Accentuate your natural features instead of fighting against them.

Visit a day spa. You don’t have to do it every week, but don’t be afraid to pamper yourself every once in a while. Get a manicure and pedicure, a massage, or a facial. If you feel good, chances are you’ll look good, too.

Be stylish. Make sure you look your best no matter what. Wear clothes that flatter you, and don’t forget to accessorize.
Even if you’re wearing sweat pants, dab a little gloss onto your lips and wear gold hoop earrings or a bracelet.

Try wearing a fitted top with loose bottoms, or fitted bottoms with a loose top for an “attractive” outfit.

For more special occasions, try wearing high heeled sandals, a flowy blouse and skinny jeans.

Smile when someone looks at you. It’s polite and people will think you’re lovely.

Try to look the best that you can be, in other words show how great you are on the inside and on the outside

Some guys will just not like you and we just have to accept it. Keep in mind that you do not need everyone to like you, though.

Be accepting of others. Every person wants to be accepted for who he or she is. It’s not your job to get along with everybody else in the world, but you owe others respect if you expect them to respect you back.

Don’t change your looks to please other people. Only change your looks to please yourself.

Find activities you like to do, and expand on them. That way, you’ll attract people who like the same thing and you will become interest to others more in general because of your unique skills!

Be lighthearted and roll with the punches.

Don’t change for a person. Just because you want to be with them doesn’t mean you have to change for them. If they really cared about you, they’d like you for who you are.

Don’t worry about what other people think of you! Just have fun!

Don’t force something if it isn’t there. Even if it is a bit disappointing, move on. There are plenty more fish in the sea!.

Never hide your feelings. If you are too shy to talk to him about it just drop subtle hints.

Be kind to everyone. If you dislike a person be tactful.

If the guy you like said something you are against feel free to expressyour opinions while trying to understand his side also.

Always be yourself, no matter what.

Just because a certain style looks good on other girls doesn’t mean itlooks good on you.

Be different, stand out so people will notice your beauty and uniqueness. Look down while smiling.

Speak your mind, but don’t be surprised when people disagree. You have reasons for your beliefs, just like other people do. Be accepting of differences of opinion.

Don’t copy other people. You are the seed of your own originality.

Don’t be shallow. When looking for a serious relationship, girls want to find a partner who is interested in them for not just their looks. Believe it or not, the same goes for guys. At least for guys who are worth more than 10 minutes of your time.

Don’t be obsessed with what’s in vogue. Being fashionable is great, but don’t be afraid listen to your own fashion sense. The men who really deserve your time and attention will respect you for the person you are, regardless of how fashion-savvy you are.

Do not expose yourself too much. Guys might like what you wear, but they probably won’t respect you if you flaunt your figure.

Related wikiHows
How to Be a Normal Good Looking Girl from Inside and Outside

How to Be Charming

How to Get a Guy to Notice You

How to Get a Guy to Like You

How to Be Irresistible to Men

How to Build Self Confidence

How to Be a Strong Independent Woman

How to Walk Like a Diva

How to Take Care of Your Skin

How to Be Beautiful

How to Take Care of Your Skin and Hair by Taking Care of Your Mental Health

How to Be Mysterious to Attract People

How to Be More Attractive to Someone at Work

Link: Company:

How to Attract Birds

Songbirds’ natural habitats are dwindling, and you can help by making your backyard a safe haven for all of your favorite birds. When you provide birdseed, set out a birdbath and create nesting spots, your yard becomes much more inviting, and you’ll be amazed at how many different species you can attract.

Providing Food
Research birds in your area. Find out what types of birds live in your area or migrate there and are likely to come to your property. You may want to obtain a field guide to the area so you know which birds you want to try to attract. Bear in mind that you’ll be attracting different species depending on the season.
It’s difficult to attract just one type of bird, so aim instead to create an atmosphere that’s healthy for many different species. For example, you might love cardinals and decide to put out seed they’re known to love, but it’s likely to bring in an array of birds.

There may also be some species you don’t want to attract, such as the common sparrow, pigeon or crow. While it’s difficult to ensure they won’t come around, you can choose certain types of seed that don’t attract them as much as songbirds.

Choose a bird feeder. The type of feeder you choose will influence what bird species you attract. No matter what, your bird feeder should have a few essential qualities: it should be difficult for squirrels to access, it should keep the food dry, and it should be easy to clean. Bird feeders need to be washed out regularly so the food inside doesn’t begin to harbor fungus and disease. Here are the most common types of feeders:
Tray feeders are simple, flat trays that allow birds very easy access to seed. The downside is that the seed is also accessible to squirrels, and unprotected from the weather.

House feeders keep seed in a contained area and dispense it as the birds feed from a small tray at the bottom of the feeder.

Window feeders attach to your window with suction cups, offering a full view of bird activity.

Suet feeders are designed to offer suet cakes, which attract different birds than seed feeders do.

Hummingbird feeders dispense sugar water through a tube.

Provide seed and other food. Do you know what species you’re hoping to attract? If you’d like to invite an entire range of native species, it’s a good idea to have more than one type of feeder and offer a variety of foods. Here are the best foods to feed birds:
Sunflower seeds are popular among all seed-eating birds, so they’re a good choice if you want a wide variety of species. However, the shells must be raked up frequently, and sunflower seeds are also attractive to squirrels.

White proso millet is a tasty treat for cardinals, quail, sparrows, doves, and crows. It’s also attractive to house sparrows and other animals.

Safflower seeds are good for attracting cardinals, chickadees, doves, sparrows, and grosbeaks.

Corn is a favorite among nearly all birds, but it’s important to use only as much as can be eaten in a day or two, since it attracts all sorts of animals. It’s also important to be careful about the source of the corn, since cheap corn is often contaminated with pesticides that are poisonous to birds. Don’t feed birds corn from a plastic bag or corn that has been dyed red.

Peanuts are also very popular, but easily contaminated if they’re left out for too long.

Suet, the fat around cow and sheep organs, attracts woodpeckers, nuthatches, wrens jays and starlings.

Peanut butter is a good food to provide in the winter, since it’s highly nutritious. Make sure it doesn’t contain additives.

Hummingbirds love to drink sugar water.

Know what foods to avoid. Birds can easily be poisoned by food that’s contaminated or contains ingredients that are hard on their systems. Be sure to buy high-quality seed or suet. Some manufacturers of bird food take shortcuts to offer cheap bags of food, so it’s worth it to spring for a more expensive brand. Here are a few foods to avoid putting out:
Fillers like red millet, golden millet and flax. Birds don’t enjoy eating these seeds, but you’ll often see them used as fillers in cheap mixes. Be sure to check the ingredients.

Bacon drippings or other meats. These often contain nitrates and other ingredients harmful to birds.

Bread, crackers or other processed carbohydrates can have ingredients that are harmful.

Install the feeder in a safe location. If you want the feeder to be near enough for you to view it from your house, place it within three feet of your window. Placing it further away is actually dangerous for birds, since they’ll be flying toward the feeder at a faster speed and may collide with the glass (a situation that kills millions of birds every year). The feeder should also be far enough away from tree cover so as to prevent squirrels from being able to jump from a tree to the feeder.

Keep the feeder maintained. It’s important to change the food frequently and clean the feeder with soap and water every few weeks. If you don’t, fungus and bacteria can contaminate the feeder and the food, potentially killing birds who eat it. In addition to cleaning the feeder, keep these pointers in mind:
Food that has fallen to the ground should not be left to sit there, as it can attract insects and other undesirable animals.

Pay closer attention to the feeder during rainy times, since if the food gets wet the seeds could sprout and begin to harbor fungus and bacteria.

Provide grit for the birds. Birds don’t have teeth to chew their food, so some species swallow bits of sand to grind the food in their gizzard. You can help by offering crushed eggshells; this serves a dual purpose by giving the birds calcium needed for egg-laying. Be sure to bake the eggshells to kill Salmonella and other pathogens before offering them.
Crushed oyster shells are another good choice.

You could also scatter small pebbles near the bird feeder.

Creating Nesting Spots
Plant native species. Use a local field guide or call your local Audubon Society chapter (if you live in the US) to find out what grows naturally in your region, and add these plants to your garden. They likely than non-native species to attract birds. A good variety of native trees, shrubs, and grasses will provide natural shelter for birds.[1]
Evergreen trees and shrubs, such as hollies, make great homes for birds over the winter.

Many birds are attracted to fruit and berries, so consider planting an apple tree or planting a blueberry bush.

Offer shelter. Different species nest in different places, so again, it’s a good idea to conduct research on the type of bird you wish to attract. If you are planning on buying a birdhouse or building a nesting box, take note that boxes with different holes, shapes, and orientations will attract different species.
Make sure that your nest box has adequate ventilation, and is supplied with a “baffle” and reinforcement ring at the opening that will prevent predators from entering.

You can also provide nesting material such as string, hair, or other fibers. You could also stuff mesh bags with pieces of yarn or string, straw, pet fur, hair from your comb, small bits of cloth, and anything a bird can use to make a nest. Hang the bag near the nest boxes in spring.

Create a nesting spot using natural materials. If you’d like to create a more natural nesting spot, an easy way to do it is to allow your yard to grow a little more wild. Let the grass grow long in a certain spot, and build a brush pile in the area. This simulates the type of area where birds tend to nest in the wild.[2]
Heap up fallen branches into a large pile instead of chopping them up to burn or throw away.

Create small nesting sites under your bushes by raking mulch around their bases, especially in the fall.

Don’t remove dead trees unless they are a danger. Standing dead trees are important nesting and foraging spots for many species, especially woodpeckers, which eat the insects that infest dead trees.

Making Your Yard More Inviting
Provide a water source. Birds are attracted to the sound of dripping or moving water. You can buy a birdbath or create a shallow pond with a fountain. Make sure it’s close to the ground and not made of slippery material. If you’re short on time or resources, you can hang a water-filled container with a hole on the bottom above a dish. Try not to place the water source near trees or bushes where cats can hide before pouncing. Also, make sure the water is not more than 1 inch (2.5cm) deep.[3]
During the winter, you might want to provide a heated water source, since birds would otherwise have to thaw icy water using their own body heat.

Make sure the water you provide doesn’t grow stagnant or harbor algae. Find one that’s easy to clean.[4]

Don’t use pesticides on your lawn. They’re harmful to birds in more ways than one. First, they kill vital sources of food for some bird species. Second, the chemicals in the pesticides can be dangerous for birds to ingest. In order to attract birds to your property, use natural forms of insect control instead of chemicals.

Keep cats away. Cats are one of the major predators of songbirds, killing millions every year. No matter how hospitable your yard otherwise seems, having a cat prowling around will keep many species from feeling welcome. If you’re dedicated to attracting birds, keep your cat away from their feeding, drinking and nesting areas.

Different birds like different nesting boxes. Go on the internet and find some bird house plans for birds around you.

Try to buy bird houses made by companies that mainly sell bird-related items. They will be better-quality houses that are more protective.

Don’t be discouraged if birds don’t immediately come to your sanctuary. Birds are often wary of changes in their environment and will take time to adjust to the new feeder or bath.

Also try to feed a variety of seed and suet.

Keep your feeders, houses and water sources clean.

If you don’t have the motivation, time, or resources to create a bird sanctuary in your yard, you can always contribute to a “communal” bird sanctuary. Donate money and/or volunteer hours to conservation organizations such as The Nature Conservancy that buys tracts of land and saves them from development.

Don’t rake the leaves. Birds will forage for insects hiding under dead leaves in the spring.

Avoid touching the birds eggs/nest if you come across them.

During winter, never add antifreeze to the water. Antifreeze is highly toxic and will kill any bird, animal, or pet that drinks it, and can cause severe damage or death in humans as well. Antifreeze also tastes sweet, which can serve as incentive for any animals that even happen to smell or taste it. You can buy heaters designed to defrost ponds, fountains, or birdbaths. Floating a tennis ball in the water will also allow you to break and remove ice easily.

Don’t place nestboxes too close together. Each bird will establish its own territory, and conflict will ensue.

Never give a bird dryer lint that contains dye or chemicals (used in the process of making clothing non-flammable) for nesting material. It is very dangerous. Otherwise it is acceptable.

Try to avoid using chemical pesticides – parents that are foraging for food will bring poisoned insects back to the nest and entire generations of baby birds can be killed because someone sprayed poison on their sweetcorn. Become an organic gardener!

Related wikiHows
How to Build a Bird Bath

How to Bird Watch

How to Build a Birdhouse

How to Feed the Birds

How to Calibrate Binoculars

How to Find and Take Care of Wild Bird Eggs

How to Be a Birdwatcher

How to Attract Birds to Your Backyard

How to Create a Fantasy Garden

How to Attract People to Buy Your Birds

Sources and Citations
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How to Make Sukiyaki

Sukiyaki is a Japanese beef and vegetable broth that is traditionally eaten during the wintertime. In Japan, because meat is expensive and usually reserved for special occasions, sukiyaki is one of the dishes eaten during a special celebration of right after payday. Whether or not you’re celebrating, however, sukiyaki is both extremely fun to make and tastes delicious to boot. Gather around your friends and family for this inclusive, heartwarming dish.

Meat, Vegetables, and Noodles
12 oz. sirloin steak or similar, cut very thinly

1/4 cup suet (beef fat); several tablespoons of vegetable oil or evenbutter will also work

8 oz. yaki (grilled) tofu; any firm tofu will work

1 small or 1/2 large Nappa (Chinese) cabbage

1 dozen shiitake mushrooms and one pack of enoki mushrooms; substitute portobello mushrooms if you can’t find either

1 large Welsh onion (negi); a half a bunch of small green onions will do

2 bunches chrysanthemum leaves (shungiku); watercress, spinach, or anyother leafy green will do

1 pack yam noodles (shirataki); any clear rice noodle will do

1 raw egg per person (optional)

1 pack or frozen or fresh udon noodles (optional)

Sukiyaki Sauce
1/2 cup cooking sake

1/2 cup mirin (Japanese rice wine similar to sake)

1/3 cup soy sauce

1/4 raw sugar; granulated sugar also works fine

Preparing the Ingredients
Prepare the shirataki by bringing the shirataki noodles to a boil after placing in a pot of cold water. As soon as the noodles have come to a boil, turn off the heat and strain the noodles. Submerge shirataki in a bowl of cool water.
The shirataki shouldn’t need much cooking. Rather, the par-boiling is designed to remove some of the odor from the noodles. Then the shirataki can absorb the full flavor of the sukiyaki sauce.

If using other kinds of noodles, look at instructions and par boil until they are only a couple minutes away from being al dente.

Slice the beef almost as thinly as possible or have your butcher help you. Sukiyaki calls for very thin beef. Choose a marbled sirloin (or similar) cut for very good results.
Place the beef in the freezer for a couple of hours if you want to slice the beef yourself. When hard but not completely frozen through, beef is much easier to slice very thin.[1]

Remove the stalks of the Chinese cabbage before slicing the leaves. The stalks of the cabbage are a little more fibrous and take longer to cook. Therefore, cut right around the stalks of the cabbage until the stalks can be separated from the leaves. Cut the stalks into 1-inch (or smaller) pieces. Coarsely chop the leaves into larger pieces.

Prepare the mushrooms. If you weren’t able to get shiitake mushrooms, cut whatever mushrooms you have into bite-size pieces. If you were able to get the shiitake, here’s how to traditionally prepare them:
Remove the stem from the shiitake with a knife. Score a small star or cross into the cap of the mushroom with a knife. Imagine a straight line going through the middle of the cap. Take a knife and make a 30° angled cut along this straight line, digging only a small amount of flesh from the mushroom, enough to show the whites. Angle the knife in the opposite direction and make another 30° cut along the other side of the line. Repeat this process at the perpendicular to make a cross, and once more to make a star.

For enoki mushrooms, simply wash and cut off the root bulb to prepare.

Cut the negi into approximately 1-inch pieces with a diagonal cut.

Rip the leaves of the shungiku from the stalk. If substituting spinach or watercress, rinse thoroughly and separate the leaves from the stalks. Discard the stalks.

Make the sukiyaki sauce. In a pot, bring 1/2 cup sake, 1/2 cup mirin, 1/3 cup soy sauce, and 1/4 cup sugar to a boil over medium heat. As soon as boil is reached, remove the sukiyaki sauce from the heat. The goal is to burn off the alcohol from the sake, not reduce the sauce.

Making Sukiyaki
Heat a large hot pot over medium heat. The traditional way of cooking sukiyaki involves an earthenware or cast iron hot pot with a kerosene burner underneath. This way the chef can cook at the table where he intends to serve. Alternately, an electric pan can be put to great use to cook at the table as well.
If you have neither a hot pot or an electric pan to cook with, you can of course cook the sukiyaki on the burner away from the table. Just make sure to choose a large pot with an accompanying lid.

Place a healthy dollop of beef suet, lard, or other fat in the pot. Beef suet is traditional, but lard or even vegetable oil can be used if the aim is a healthier meal.

Introduce the thinly sliced beef into the pot and cook until it just loses its pinkness. You will keep the beef in the pot while the other ingredients cook, so be careful not to overcook it. Once the beef loses its pinkness, move it over to the side of the pan so it doesn’t cook at quickly. Some cooks introduce a little bit of the sukiyaki sauce to the pan while they are cooking the beef.[2] The sukiyaki sauce will bubble and reduce quickly because of the soy sauce.

Other cooks prefer sweetening the beef a little with plain sugar while it’s frying in the pan with the fat. There’s no reason you can’t do both.

Introduce the cabbage stalks, yaki tofu, and mushrooms into the pan. Keep all ingredients separate; each separate ingredient should be bunched together on the pan.

Place the strained shirataki in the pot well away from the beef. Since shirataki contains a compound that makes beef tough, segregate it from the beef while all the ingredients are cooking.

Finish placing the remaining ingredients in the pot. Introduce the cabbage leaves, chrysanthemum, and onions into the remaining spots of the pot.

Add the remaining sukiyaki sauce and cover the pot to simmer.

Simmer with the lid on for 3 to 5 minutes, or until the meat has fully cooked and the cabbage stalks just lose their crunch.

Serving Sukiyaki
Prepare a dipping sauce by beating one egg for each person being served. Traditionally, a dipping sauce of raw eggs is served alongside sukiyaki.[3] The combination may not sound especially appetizing to westerners, but it is a surprisingly good combination, even if you aren’t predisposed to liking it.
If you are worried about uncooked eggs carrying salmonella or don’t like the flavor, omit them. For what it’s worth, salmonella is very rare in raw eggs.[4]

Dip meat and vegetables into raw eggs before eating. Simply grab whatever looks appetizing out of the hot pot and dip it into the egg. If you are not eating with family or close friends, use the thicker ends of your chopsticks to grab food out communal pots. This is considered polite.

Continue adding any extra meat and vegetables into the hot pot as you eat. If there are leftovers that didn’t find into the first generation of the meal, cook them now in the remaining broth. Meat and leafy greens will take less time to cook than vegetables will.

If any broth is leftover, reserve it and serve udon noodles with it the next day. In Japan, it is traditional to use the leftover broth as the broth for udon noodles. If you don’t have enough broth but wish to make more, use the recipe for sukiyaki sauce above and combine it with the remaining sauce. Heat the broth back up to boiling, then reduce the heat to a simmer. If the broth tastes too overpowering, cut the broth with 1/3 cup of water and taste again.

To be extremely authentic, you can buy a kerosene burner to cook at the table.

Japanese markets may have “Sukiyaki Sets” for sale, which contain all the pre cut ingredients except for meat, tofu and sauce. This makes preparing Sukiyaki incredibly easy, but it probably doesn’t hold a candle next to real sukiyaki.

Sukiyaki is very child friendly. Kids like it with extra sugar and love pulling the ingredients out of the pot; they get to pick what they like.

Small children should be kept away from the kerosene burner and the hot broth.

If you are using a Kerosene burner, ensure you are in a well ventilated area and there is nothing flammable on the table.

If you want to use a raw egg, it is best to have organic/free range to prevent risk of salmonella.

Sources and Citations
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