How to Add and Subtract Integers

You might think of integers as just ordinary numbers, like 3, -12, 17, 0, 7000, or -582 but many people do confuse them as whole numbers. Integers are a lot like whole numbers but they also contain their additive inverse(except 0 since it is its own additive inverse). Hence we conclude that whole numbers are a branch or subset of Integers but no fractions and decimals allowed! Read this article to learn everything you need to know about adding and subtracting integers, or skip to the section you need help with.

Adding and Subtracting Positive Integers with a Number Line
Understand what a number line is. Number lines turn basic math into something real and physical that you can see in front of you. By just using a few marks and some common sense, we can use them like calculators to add and subtract numbers.

Draw a basic number line. Imagine or draw a straight, flat line. Make a mark near the middle of your line. Write a 0 or zero next to this mark. Your math book might call this point the origin, since it’s where numbers originate, or start from.

Draw two marks, one on each side of your zero. Write -1 next to the mark on the left and 1 next to the mark on the right. These are the integers closest to zero.
Don’t worry about making the spacing perfect – as long as you’re close enough that you can tell what it’s supposed to mean, the number line will work.

The left side is the side at the beginning of a sentence.

Complete your number line by adding more numbers. Make more marks to the left of -1 and to the right of 1. Moving left from -1, label the next marks -2, -3, and -4. Moving right from 1, label the next marks 2, 3, and 4. You can keep going if you have space on your paper.
The example image shows a number line from -6 to 6.

Understand positive and negative integers. A positive integer, also called a natural number, is an integer larger than zero. 1, 2, 3, 25, 99, and 2007 are all positive integers. A negative integer is an integer less than zero (like -2, -4 and -88).
An integer is just another way of saying a “whole number”. Fractions like 1/2 (one half) are only part of a number, so they are not integers. Same with a decimal like 0.25 (zero point two five); decimals are not integers.

Start solving 1+2 by putting your finger on the mark labeled 1. We’re going to solve the simple addition problem 1+2 using the number line you just made. The first number in this problem is 1, so start by putting your finger on that number.
Do you think this is too easy? If you’ve done any addition at all, you probably know the answer to 1+2. That’s good: if you know the answer it will be easier to understand how number lines work. Then you can use a number line for more difficult addition problems, or to prepare you for more difficult math like algebra.

Add 1+2 by moving your finger 2 marks to the right. Slide your finger to the right, counting the number of marks (other numbers) you pass by. Once you’ve hit 2 new marks, stop. The number your finger is pointing to, 3, is the answer.

Add any positive integers by moving right on a number line. Suppose we’re figuring out what 3 + 2 is. Start at 3, move to the right or increase by 2. We end up at 5. This is written as 3 + 2 = 5.

Subtract positive integers by moving left on a number line. For example, if we have 6 – 4, we start at 6, move left four spaces, and end up at 2. This is written as 6 – 4 = 2.

Adding and Subtracting Negative Numbers with a Number Line
Learn what a number line is. If you don’t know how to make a number line, go back to Adding and Subtracting Positive Numbers with a Number Line to learn how.

Understand negative numbers. Positive numbers are increases, or movements right on the number line. Negative numbers are decreases, or movements left on the number line. Adding a negative number moves the pointer left on the number line.
For example, let’s add 1 and -4. In the standard, familiar number writing you’re used to, this is just:1 + (-4)On a number line, we start at 1, move 4 spaces left, and end up at -3.

Use a basic equation to understand adding a negative number. Notice that -3, our answer, is the same thing we’d get if we just did 1 – 4. Adding 1 + (-4) and subtracting 4 from 1 are the same. We can write this as as an equation, a kind of mathematical sentence showing one things equals another:1 + (-4) = 1 – 4 = -3

Instead of adding a negative number, turn it into a subtraction problem using only positive numbers. As we can see from our simple equation above, we can go both ways — changing “add a negative number” to “subtract a positive number” and vice versa. You might have just been taught “change a minus-plus to a minus” without really knowing why — this is why.
For example, consider -4. When we add -4 to 1, it decreases 1 by 4. We can “say this in math” by writing 1 + (-4) = 1 – 4We’d write this on a number line, as starting with our pointer at 1, then adding a move 4 spaces to the left (in other words, adding a -4). Since it’s an equation, one thing equals another – so the reverse works too:1 – 4 = 1 + (-4)

Understand how subtraction and negative numbers work on a number line. On a number line, subtracting a negative is a decrease in the length of a decrease. Let’s start with 5 – 8.
On a number line, we start with our pointer at 5, decrease by 8, and arrive with our pointer at -3.

Decrease the amount you’re subtracting and see what happens. Suppose we decrease the amount we’re decreasing by one less, or in other words subtract 7 instead of 8. Now we move one less space to the left on the number line. In written terms, we started with5 – 8 = -3Now we’ll only be moving 7 left, so we have5 – 7 = -2

Notice how decreasing a decrease can result in an increase. For our example, we decrease the amount we go left by 1. In equation terms, we could write our shorter move as:5 – 7 = -2 = 5 – (8 – 1)

Change minuses to pluses when adding negative numbers. Using our step of “change all subtraction to addition”, we could write our shorter move now as:5 – (8 – 1) = 5 – 7 = 5 – 8 + 1.
We already know that 5 – 8 = -3, so let’s take 5 – 8 out of our equationnow and put in -3:5 – (8 – 1) = 5 – 7 = -3 + 1

We already know what 5 – (8 – 1) is — it’s going one space less than 5 – 8. Our equation can show the fact that 5 – 8 gives us -3, and going one space short gives us -2. Our equation can be written like this now:-3 – (-1) = -3 + 1

Write subtraction of negative numbers as addition. Notice what’s happened at the end of this – we’ve proved that:-3 + 1 = -3 – (-1)We can express this as a simple, more general rule for writing math:first number plus a second number = first number minus (negative second number)Or, in more simple terms like you’ve probably heard in a math class:Change two minuses to a plus.

Adding Large Positive Integers
Write the addition problem 2,503 + 7,461 with one number over the other. Line up the numbers so the 2 is above the 7, the 5 is above the 4, and so on. In this method, we’ll learn how to add integers that are too large to do in your head or on a number line.
Write a + to the left of the bottom number, and a line underneath it, just as you probably learned to do for smaller addition problems.

Start by adding the two numbers furthest to the right. It might seem a little odd to start from the right, since when reading numbers we start from the left. We have to add in this order to get the right answer, though, as you’ll see later on.
Underneath the two numbers to the right, 3 and 1, write what you get when you add them together: 4.

Add each other number the same way. Moving left, you’ll add 0+6, 5+4, and 2+7. Write the answers below each pair of numbers.
You should end up with the answer to the problem: 9,964. Check your work if you made a mistake.

Now begin adding 857+135. You should notice something different as soon as add the first pair of numbers on the right. 7+5 equals 12, a two digit number, but you can only write one digit beneath that column. Keep reading to find out what to do, and why you always need to start on the right instead of the left.

Add 7+5 and learn where to put the answer. 7+5=12, but you shouldn’t put both the 1 and the 2 underneath the bottom line. Instead, put the last digit, 2, underneath the line and put the first digit, 1, above the column to the left, 5+3.
If you’re curious about how this works, think about what dividing the 1 and 2 means. You’ve actually split 12 into 10 and 2. You can write the full 10 above the numbers if you want, and you’ll see that the 1 lines up with the 5 and 3, just like before.

Add 1+5+3 to get the next digit of the answer. You now have three digits to add for this number, since you added a 1 to this column. The answer is 9, so your answer so far should be 92.

Finish the problem as normal. Keep moving left until you’ve added all the numbers, in this case just one more column. Your final answer should be 992. You can try more complicated problems, like 974+568. Remember, each time you get a two digit number, only write the last digit as the answer, and put the other digit above the column to the left, the one you’ll add together next. If the last column ends up with a two digit number, you can just write it as your answer.

See the Tips section for an answer to the problem 974+568 after you try to solve it.

Subtracting Large Positive Integers
Write the subtraction problem 4713 – 502 with the first number above the other. Write them so the 3 is directly above the 2, the 1 is above the 0, the 7 is above the 5, and the 4 is above a blank space.
You can write a 0 underneath the 4 if it helps you keep track of which number is above which other number. You can always add zeros in front of a number without changing it. Make sure to add it in front of the number and not after it.

Subtract each bottom number from the number directly above it, starting from the right. Always start from the right. Solve for 3-2, 1-0, 7-5, and 4-0, putting the answer to each problem directly underneath the two numbers in that subtraction problem.
You should end up with the answer, 4,211.

Now write down the problem 924 – 518 in the same way. These numbers are the same length, so you can line them up easily. This problem will teach you something new about subtracting integers, if you didn’t know it already.

Learn how to solve the first problem, on the far right. This is 4 – 8. This is tricky, since 4 is smaller than 8, but don’t use negative numbers. Instead, follow these steps:
On the top line, cross out the 2 and write 1 instead. The 2 should be directly to the left of the 4.

Cross out the 4 and write 14. Do this in a small space so it’s clear the 14 is entirely above the 8. You can also just write a 1 in front of the 4 to make it 14 if you have the room.

What you just did is “borrow” a 1 from the tens place, or second column from the right, and turn it into 10 in the ones place, or furthest column to the right. one 10 is the same as ten 1s, so this is still the same problem.

Now solve the problem 14 – 8 and write the answer under the right column. You should now have a 6 on the far right of the line where your answer will be.

Solve the next column to the left using the new number you wrote down. This should now be 1 – 1, which equals 0.
Your answer so far should be 06.

Finish the problem by solving the last, left column. 9 – 5=4, so your final answer is 406.

Now begin a problem where you subtract a larger number from a smaller number. Say you’re asked to solve 415,990 – 968,772. You write the second number underneath the first, and then realize the number at the bottom is larger! You can tell this immediately by the first digits on the left: 9 is smaller than 4, so the number beginning with 9 has to be larger.
Make sure to line the numbers up correctly before comparing them. 912 is not bigger than 5000, which you can tell if you’ve lined them up correctly, since the 5 is above nothing at all. You can add leading zeros if it helps, for instance writing 912 as 0912 so it lines up well with 5000.

Write the smaller number underneath the larger and add a – sign in front of the answer. Whenever you subtract a number from a smaller number, you’ll get a negative number as your answer. It’s best to write this sign before solving, so you don’t forget to include it.

To find the answer, subtract the small number from the larger one and remember to include the – sign. Your answer will be negative, as you showed by writing a – sign. Do not try to subtract the larger number from the smaller and just make it negative; you will not get the wrong answer. The new problem to solve is: 968,772 – 415,990 = – ? Look at the Tips for the answer after trying to solve it.

Adding and Subtracting Negative Integers
Learn how to add a negative and a positive number. Adding a negative integer is the same as subtracting a positive one. This is easier to see by testing this out with the number line method described in another section, but you can think about it in words too. A negative number is not a normal quantity; it is less than zero, and can represent an amount being taken away. If you add this “taking away” to a normal number, you’ll end up making it smaller. Example: 10 + -3 = 10 – 3 = 7

Example: -12 + 18 = 18 + -12 = 18 – 12 = 6. Remember that you can always switch the order of numbers in an addition problem, but not in a subtraction problem.

Learn what to do if this turns into a subtraction problem with a smaller number first. Sometimes turning your addition problem into a subtraction problem as described above can end up with odd results like 4 – 7. When this happens, reverse the order of the numbers and make your answer negative. Say you begin with 4 + -7.

Turn this into a subtraction problem: 4 – 7

Reverse the order and make it negative: -(7 – 4) = -(3) = -3.

If you aren’t used to parentheses in your equations yet, think of it like this: 4 – 7 turns into 7 – 4 with a minus sign added. 7 – 4 = 3 but I should make it -3 for the right answer to the problem 4 – 7.

Learn how to add two negative integers. Two negative numbers added together will always make a number more negative. There is nothing positive being added, so you’ll always end up with something further from 0. Finding the answer is simple:
-3 + -6 = -9

-15 + -5 = -20

Do you see the pattern? All you need to do is add the numbers as though they were positive and add a negative sign. -4 + -3 = -(4 + 3) = -7

Learn how to subtract a negative integer. Just like the addition problems, you can rewrite these so you only have to deal with positive numbers. If you’re subtracting a negative number, you’re “taking away” some “stuff taken away”, which is the same as adding a positive number.
Think of the negative number as stolen money. If you “subtract”, or take away, some stolen money so you can return it, that’s the same as giving that person money, right?

Example: 10 – -5 = 10 + 5 = 15

Example: -1 – -2 = -1 + 2. You already learned how to solve this problem in an early step, remember? Reread Learn how to add a negative and a positive number if you don’t remember.

Here’s the full solution to the last example: -1 – -2 = -1 + 2 = 2 + -1 = 2 – 1 = 1.

You might be used to writing long numbers like 2,521,301 with a period (.) instead of a comma (,) depending on where you live. Just stick with whatever your teacher tells you so you don’t confuse each other with different systems.

Make your number lines different scales to represent different numbers. There is no rule that number lines must always be divided by a space that equals 1. Imagine a number line where we make marks every 10 instead of every one. Aside from the fact that each space now represents 10, the basic movements of addition and subtraction are still the same. Try it out if you don’t think so.

If you tried the extra challenge problems in the Long Numbers section, here are the answers: 974 + 568 = 1,542. The answer to 415,990 – 968,772 is -552,782.

Related wiki Hows
How to Add

How to Subtract

How to Add or Subtract Fractions Using Vedic Math

How to Add Large Numbers

How to Subtract Numbers in Your Head When Regrouping is Needed

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How to Host Your Own Talk Radio Show

Have you ever been listening to your favorite morning show DJ during your daily commute and thought to yourself, “This seems easy — I can do this!” While radio broadcasting can be a rewarding way to make a name for yourself and affect the lives of thousands (or even millions) of listeners, it’s not always easy. Hosting a radio talk show once meant paying your dues for years as a low-level radio employee. Today, however, the internet has given talented amateurs the chance to make a name for themselves. To learn how to host your own talk radio show, see Step 1 below to get started! Steps
Getting a Show
Get involved with a local station. If you’re starting with zero experience, the best way (bar none) to get any sort of radio show is to start participating in the process of creating an existing radio show. Working or volunteering in a radio station gives you an introduction to the workflow and regular tasks that go into producing a successful radio show. It also gives you much-needed experience to put on your resume when you’re applying for airtime. Most importantly, it gives you a chance to make contacts inside the station. Knowing someone in the industry can make all the difference in the world when it comes to landing your first show — radio station staff are much, much more likely to hire people they know and trust to be show hosts than they are to hire strangers.
One great idea for building up your radio station experience is to try volunteering for a local community radio station (like, for instance, a college radio station). These stations are usually not operated for profit and depend on the work of volunteers to stay on the air, which means it can be relatively easy to find a place on the staff compared to a for-profit station.

Get an internship. Some radio stations offer internships andapprenticeships to interested applicants, especially young students. Some of these internships are integrated with a local school or college’s communications department, which means that they usually recruit solely from the pool of students in the department, while other internships may accept applicants from the general public.
Depending on the amount of time you work, an internship can sometimes be more useful for getting a show than working from the bottom up in the station. Good internships are career-focused and offer opportunities for employment after the completion of the internship. However, even with an internship, it may be necessary to work in the radio industry for several years before getting a show.

If possible, get a broadcasting education. Following the correcteducational path for becoming a radio host will only help your chances of getting your own show. Also, as noted above, educational programs often pave the way for valuable internship and apprenticeship opportunities. If it’s financially feasible for you to do so, consider earning a degree in communications or broadcasting to boost your resume and give you valuable background knowledge and experience.
It’s worth noting that an educational background in communications or broadcasting isn’t absolutely necessary for a successful career in radio. Several of the most recognizable names in radio, like Howard Stern, have communications degrees, but others have no pertinent educational background. For instance, Adam Carolla, one-time host of Loveline and The Adam Carolla Show, completed only a partial junior college education which included work in a ceramics major.[1]

Be prepared to pay for time on for-profit stations. Though all stationswill have their own rules for their show hosts, generally, local for-profit stations will charge the hosts for their show time.[2] Times where listener numbers are high (like morning and afternoon commute times) are generally expensive, while less-popular times are generally cheaper. The hosts can pay for their shows with their own money, solicit donations from viewers, or sell advertising time to third parties. If they make more money from advertising fees than it costs to keep the show on the air, they generally keep the difference as a profit. Successful radio hosts can support themselves this way. Understanding ahead of time that you may need to pay for your show time is crucial — you don’t want to pursue a coveted time slot only to find out that you can’t afford to run your show.
Because of the cost of hosting a radio show, it’s often a wise idea to retain another job (at least until you can generate enough advertising revenue to support your show). Dedicating yourself full-time to your radio career is great for your show, but not if you run out of funds and have to go off the air in a few months.

Costs vary. For instance, at some local stations, radio time can cost anywhere from $60-$200 per hour, depending on the time slot.

Consider starting with internet radio. For first-timers to the world of radio broadcasting, the internet offers a way to get your voice hear with very few (if any) up-front costs and no experience requirements. If you have the computer know-how, you may want to set up a dedicated audio stream to broadcast your show (see How to Stream Live Audio or an online guide, like the one here). You may also want to try a cheap or free online broadcasting service like (free; allows video broadcasting), (cheap; free trial) or (free for 9 months with conditions).[3] The downside of having an internet radio show is that it’s basically up to you to promote your own show and grow your audience — you won’t have the resources of an established station to help you.

Another great option is to record a regular podcast. Podcasts are essentially pre-recorded talk radio shows that listeners can download and listen to as they please. For more information on podcasts, see How to Start Your Own Podcast or scroll down to the podcasting section below.

Hosting Your Show
Pick a theme or format for your show. Before you start broadcasting, you’ll want to have decided on a “purpose” for your show. While many shows are remarkably flexible in terms of their structure and the topics they cover, in general, most successful talk shows have a pre-defined theme or goal. This can be quite broad, so don’t feel the need to pigeon-hole your show with an extremely specific theme. Simply ask yourself, “what is my show about?” Below are a few common talk radio show themes to get you started:
News/current events

Political commentary

Music news/Underground music discussion


Educational topics (history, science, etc.)

Advice (relationships, DIY projects, etc.)

Niche topics (paranormal, conspiracy theories, etc.)

Schedule out your show’s time beforehand. Don’t “wing it” in the studio unless you’re an experienced broadcaster. Scheduling (or “blocking”) out the time you have available for your show is a must, especially if it’s your first show. Having a plan beforehand allows you to keep the momentum of the show high and makes it harder for you to run out of things to talk about. During your first few shows, you’ll inevitably discover that your schedule doesn’t perfectly match with reality — some segments may take longer than you anticipated, while others take less time. Take note of these differences and adjust your schedule as needed.
Let’s say that we’ve just gotten our first 90-minute political talk radio show. Here’s an example of a schedule we might have for our first show: (5 minutes) Theme song and introductions.

(20 minutes) Guest interview: Author Jane Smith.

(15 minutes) Discussion topic 1: Minimum Wage — too high or too low?

(5 minutes) Ads.

(10 minutes) Take calls.

(15 minutes) Discussion topic 2: Gerrymandering — how big of problem isit in the modern age?

(5 minutes) Ads.

(10 minutes) Take calls.

(5 minutes) Allow guest to plug upcoming events. Follow with farewell and outro music.

Have a consistent, recognizable structure. When it comes to talk radio, consistency is key. Listeners want to be confident that they’ll be able to hear the same content and style of discussions whenever they tune into your show. Some change may be unavoidable: for instance, if a particular aspect of your show isn’t working out, it’s better to drop it than allow it to limp along as an unpopular part of the show. However, whenever possible, you’ll want to keep the basics of your schedule the same from one show to the next while allowing for fresh content in the form of new segments and so on.

Invite new guests and old favorites to participate in your show. One way to keep your show fresh and interesting while keeping its format consistent is to continuously invite interesting, exciting guests on to your show. Guests bring their own knowledge and conversational style to the show, contributing to enlightening (or at least entertaining) discussions. Usually, in exchange for coming on the show, the guest is allowed to promote his or her personal projects on-air.
The types of guests you should invite will vary based on the format of your show. For instance, if you’re running a serious art criticism talk show, you might invite guests who offer new perspectives and unique expertise, like professors and artists. On the other hand, if you’re hosting a crass “shock jock” comedy show, you might want to invite fellow comedians or even bizarre local personalities.

Take calls from listeners. It’s almost always a good idea to encourage a friendly, open atmosphere between yourself and your callers. If you’ve got an active audience, it’s easier to keep the momentum of your show’s dialog high than if you don’t. Opening up your phone line to callers allows you to briefly take a break from thinking up new, interesting avenues of discussion. Instead, you can let your listeners direct the conversation for you — all you have to do is respond.
If you’re on a station with rules against profanity, be on the lookout for prank callers. Always know how to quickly disconnect a call. If your station operates on a time delay, be aware of how to delete the last few seconds of airtime in the event that a caller says something inappropriate. Most stations will have an easily-accessible delay button somewhere near the main sound board.

If you’re broadcasting online, you may want to experiment with taking callers via voicechat software like Skype. Otherwise, you may want to have a text chat channel for your listeners which you occasionally monitor for relevant discussion.

Avoid “dead air”. Whether you’ve got a show on community radio with a tiny local audience or a nationally-syndicated morning show, you’ll want to follow the golden rule of radio broadcasting: avoid “dead air” (distracting periods of silence). Ordinary pauses in conversation are one thing — you don’t need to be talking for every single second of your show. However, you will want to avoid stretches of silence that are more than a few seconds long. These are awkward to listen to, sound unprofessional, and can lead to an immediate dip in listenership if it sounds like you’re having a technical error. You may find that it’s a good idea to keep a piece of new music (or a similar audio clip) queued up and ready to play in the event that something takes you by surprise and you need a few minutes of time.

Seek out advertisers. As noted above, it’s a very real possibility that you may have to pay for your show’s airtime. To help pay for your show, try to find advertisers who are willing to put up a little money to have their message broadcast on-air. Advertisers can pay you a fee or agree to cover some of the costs of your show in exchange for you dedicating a chunk of your airtime to ads. Some radio show hosts read the advertiser’s ad themselves, while others opt to play pre-recorded ads. Generally, rates for radio advertising increase with the length of the ad, the desirability of the time slot, and the number of listeners to the show.
Ad prices can also vary greatly by market. For instance, 60 ads in a market like Los Angeles can cost up to $500, while the same number of ads might go for as little as $3 in a small rural town.[4]

Don’t forget to promote your show. Never forget that as a radio show host, you live and die by your listeners. The more listeners you have, the better. With more listeners, you can charge your advertisers more per ad, negotiate more lucrative deals with your station, and promote yourself and your guests to a wider audience, so always be trying to increase your listenership by promoting your show.
One great way to do this is by advertising on other shows (especially those in desirable time slots) that broadcast from the same station as you. Many stations offer a reduced in-house rate for cross-promoting your show.

Producing Great Content
Consider recruiting a co-host. For talk radio shows, having a second (or third, or fourth…) person in the studio with you every show makes your job easier in just about every way imaginable. Most importantly, co-hosts offer their own unique personality and thoughts to every discussion you have, ensuring that your own voice and views don’t get stale. It also allows you to have friendly debate — the back-and-forth between a pair of co-hosts who can lovingly bicker is often one of the most entertaining parts of a talk show. If you’re thinking of getting a co-host, make sure it’s someone you get along with and who understands the commitments of the job.
Co-hosts have other benefits, too. For instance, some may be willing to split the cost of airtime with you or help search for and book guests.

Schedule regular features. For the listener, some of the fun of listeningto their favorite shows is from anticipating, listening to, and even participating in their favorite recurring features. As long as you obey the rules of your station (and, of course, local laws) there’s virtually no limit when it comes to what sorts of segments you can run, so be creative! Below are just a few ideas to get you started:
Call-in trivia contests for prizes or recognition

Live or pre-recorded man-on-the-street segments

“100th caller wins” type contests

Soliciting listeners for certain types of stories

On-air creative comedy/improv exercises

Create memorable one-off segments. Just because your viewers are likely to appreciate the consistency of recurring segments doesn’t mean that you should necessarily shy away from special one-time events and features. Experimenting with new ideas while keeping the basic format and structure of your show intact allows you to continually innovate and surprise your audience. It’s also a good way to find new directions for the show to go in — anything that gets an especially good reaction can eventually be made a recurring segment.

Build a relationship with frequent contributors. If you notice that certain people seem to call in to the station on a regular basis or that certain guests seem especially popular with your listeners, don’t let these people go to waste! Instead, try to create a friendly working relationship with them. Talk to these people off the air and ask if they’d like to become a regular part of the show. Even if they aren’t interested in joining the show as a dedicated cast member, they may appreciate being made a “friend of the show” or gaining recognition as an official contributor.
For instance, if one of your callers has a boisterous, outrageous personality and insane political beliefs, you may want to have a semi-regular segment where he calls in and comments on the issues of the day.

Create an on-air persona. Some talk radio shows, especially those that examine or critique serious topics, are dignified affairs. However, many talk shows are known for the exaggerated, crass, or outlandish characters assumed by their hosts. If your show is mainly interested in entertaining your listeners, consider creating such a character for yourself. The interplay between a crazy host character and a straightman co-host or an unwitting caller can make for great radio.

When in doubt, learn from the greats. No one’s radio show is perfect from the get-go. It can take years of experience to develop your broadcast craft to the point that you can deliver a great show every day. During this time, it’s a great idea to look to some of the best radio shows and podcasts in the world for inspiration. There’s no shame in getting ideas from those who are already successful — they, too, had role models in the world of broadcasting before they became famous (for instance, Howard Stern cites radio host Bob Grant as an influence).[5] Below are a few great radio shows and podcasts you may want to consider listening to:
This American Life — Politics, serious issues, human interest stories

The Howard Stern Show — “Shock jock” style raunchy humor

The Ron and Fez Show — humor, chat

Car Talk (no longer running) — automotive advice

Comedy Bang Bang (podcast) — absurdist comedy, improv

The Bugle (podcast) — news, politics

Making a Podcast
Record your show. To the listener, the difference between a radio talk show and a podcast is minor — both involve listening to a host and/or a set of co-hosts talk about familiar subjects with or without a guest. However, for you, the host, recording a podcast is a little different than recording a live show. You’ll perform your show basically as you normally would, but rather than broadcasting it live, you’ll record it and offer it for download on the internet. To do this, you’ll need to an equipment setup that allows you to record reasonably high-quality audio files and sufficient hard drive space to store them.
For the most basic podcasting needs, you can get away with a computer and a reasonable-quality microphone, which usually run upwards of $100 at audio equipment stores.

Edit your audio file. After recording your show, you may want to listen to your audio file and, if necessary, cut out any portions that you don’t want to make the final podcast. To do this, you’ll need audio-editing software (some free programs, like Audacity, are available online). Next, insert ads, intro and outro music, or anything else you’d to add to your podcast. When you’re done, save your file in a widely-used audio format that will be easy for your audience to use, like .mp3.

Upload your show to a hosting site. Next, you’ll want to make your podcast available to your listeners online. A variety of free hosting sites, like,, and many others allow you to upload audio files with a free account. Note that, with these sites, per-file-bandwidth limits may require you to split your podcast into multiple parts. You may also want to try hosting your podcast on online audio stores like the iTunes Store, Google Play store, and so on.
Generally, most podcasts are offered to the listener for free and are supported by donations, sponsors, or advertisers. Charging money for your podcast can decimate your potential listenership when you’re competing against literally hundreds of good free podcasts, so it’s not usually a good idea.

Optionally, create a blog or website for your podcast. Generally, the most professional podcasts have their own websites which contain links to the podcast episodes, as well as podcast news, a store for merchandise, and so on. You may want to purchase your own domain name and build your site from scratch, but for many, a free blog-creation service like works perfectly well.
For more information, see How to Make a Website.

Sources and Citations

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How to Colour Popcorn

You can make any occasion more fun and festive by adding colourful popcorn to the mix! Try a batch of red and green to celebrate Christmas, pastels for a baby shower or create a tasty Superbowl snack in your favorite team’s colours. Choose between standard buttery popcorn, sweet caramel corn or fruit-flavoured, candy-like popcorn in any colour of the rainbow.

Sweetened Colourful Popcorn
Gather your ingredients. If you want a classic caramel corn taste with a twist, this recipe is for you. It results in fresh-tasting, crunchy popcorn with a sweet and salty flavour combo that’s always a hit. You can dye it any colour you want using liquid food colouring. Here’s what you’ll need: 1 tablespoon butter

1 tablespoon canola oil

1/4 cup corn syrup

1/4 teaspoon salt

1/4 teaspoon liquid food colouring

1/3 cup of popcorn kernels

Melt the butter, oil, syrup and salt together. Place the butter, oil, syrup and salt in a large pot. Melt the ingredients together until they’re completely combined. Stir occasionally to incorporate the ingredients.

Add the food colouring. Stir in 1/4 teaspoon of liquid food colouring. If you want the popcorn to have a deeper colour, add more; for a pastel colour, add less. Use a spoon to mix the food colouring in thoroughly.

Pop the popcorn. Pour 1/3 cup of popcorn kernels into the pot and stir them around so they’re coated in the syrup mixture. Put a tight-fitting lid on the pot and turn the heat to medium high. Shake the pot every few moments as the kernels heat up and begin to pop. When the popping begins to slow down, remove the pot from heat.
If you want to use the microwave instead. pour the syrup mixture and popcorn kernels into a glass microwave-safe bowl with a lid. Pop the popcorn on high for three to four minutes, or until the popping slows to a stop. Do not use a plastic bowl, even if it’s microwave safe, since the syrup will get very hot and could scorch the bowl. Be sure to use a glass one.

Spoon the popcorn onto a baking sheet to cool. You can oil the baking sheet or line it with parchment paper so the popcorn won’t stick. Spread it into a thin, single layer and allow it to cool completely. The popcorn will get crispy as it cools. Enjoy immediately or store in an airtight container. [1]

Fruity Colourful Popcorn
Gather your ingredients. Some genius discovered that you can use unsweetened drink mix or Jello mix to add flavour and colour to popcorn. The bright, fruity flavours and colours make this recipe perfect for parties. Here’s what you’ll need:
8 cups of popped popcorn (if you’re not popping it from scratch, choose an unflavoured kind)

1/4 cup butter

1/4 cup corn syrup

1/2 cup sugar

3.5 oz flavoured, unsweetened gelatin mix or fruit drink mix

Preheat the oven to . Prepare a baking sheet by lining it with parchment paper or spraying it with cooking oil, and set it aside.

Pour the popcorn into a large mixing bowl. Make sure it’s big enough so that you’ll be able to reach in and mix the popcorn with the flavouring.

Melt the butter, syrup, sugar and flavouring together. Put all of these ingredients into a small pot and heat them over medium heat. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat to allow it to simmer. Simmer the mixture for 5 minutes.

Pour the mixture over the popcorn and stir. Use a long-handled wooden spoon to stir the mixture in with the popcorn, and try to thoroughly incorporate it so every piece gets coated.

Spread the popcorn on the baking sheet. Use the spoon to spread it out in a single layer. Examine the popcorn for unpopped kernels and pick them out.

Bake the popcorn for 10 minutes. This hardens the flavouring so the popcorn becomes crunchy, rather than chewy. If you want it extra crunchy, bake for 15 minutes. If you like your popcorn chewy, take it out after 5 minutes.

Let the popcorns cool. Once it’s cool enough to handle, enjoy the popcorn or store it in an airtight container for later.[2]

Buttery Colourful Popcorn
Gather your ingredients. This simple recipe is for classic buttery, salted popcorn, with one big difference: it’s colourful. This buttery popcorn will turn out delicious and vibrantly coloured, but unlike the sweet caramel version, savoury colourful popcorn will dye your fingers and mouth with food colouring. If you don’t mind having green, red or blue fingers and lips, try this recipe. If you do, make the sweet caramel or fruity kind. Here’s what you’ll need for simple buttered popcorn with a pop of colour: 1 tablespoon of butter

1/3 cup of popcorn kernels

Liquid or gel food colouring


Melt 1 tablespoon of butter. Place a tablespoon of butter either in a stockpot or a large bowl (the same one you want to use to pop the popcorn). If you’re using a pot, melt the butter over a burner on the stove. If you’re using a big plastic bowl, you can melt it in the microwave.

Stir in the food colouring. Since this colourful popcorn will stain your fingers and lips, you only want to use a few drops of food colouring. Pour in five to ten drops, enough to give your finished popcorn a burst of colour without making too much of a mess.
If you’re using red food colouring, check the label to make sure it says “unflavoured.” Red food colouring often has a bitter flavour, but if it’s labeled as unflavoured, it won’t.

Pop the popcorn. Pour the 1/3 cup of kernels into the butter mixture, and stir them around so they’re completely coated. Cook the popcorn either on the stove or in the microwave; both methods work equally well.
If you’re using a pot, cover it with a tight-fitting lid and place it on the stove over medium high heat. Shake the pot every few moments as the popcorn kernels heat up and begin to pop. When the popping slows down, remove the pot from heat.

If you’re using a bowl, cover it and place it in the microwave. Microwave the kernels on high for two to three minutes. When the popping slows down, remove the bowl from the microwave.

Pour the popcorn into a bowl, salt to taste, and enjoy. Your colourful popcorn will taste just like regular buttery popcorn. Be sure to wash your hands after enjoying your popcorn to remove the food colouring from your fingers.

Don’t use too much butter; it will make your popcorn a soggy mess.

Beware of hot butter that might burn.

Related wikiHows
How to Make Chocolate Popcorn

How to Make Snowy Popcorn

How to Make Popcorn Seasoning

How to Make Parmesan Popcorn

Sources and Citations
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How to Lose Thigh Fat

Losing thigh fat can only be done successfully with a combination of diet and exercise. Getting in shape and eating right also means that you’ll see fat loss in other parts of your body. If you’re serious about dropping a few pounds in your thighs and elsewhere, read on.

Thigh-Targeted Exercises
Do squats. There are tons of different squat exercises you can do, but the basic idea is this: With your legs shoulder-width apart, lower your bum down to the ground until your thighs are parallel with the ground. Balance here for three seconds before pushing up.[1]
Try doing squats with an exercise ball. Place the ball against the wall with your lower back firmly pressed against the ball. Not only will the ball increase the intensity of the squat–it will also give you a nice back rub!

Do lunges. With a 5- or 8-pound dumbbell in each hand, lunge forward with one leg and bring the opposite knee about an inch above the ground. Step back and continue with the opposite leg.and draw it in so that it lightly taps the back of your right knee. Extend the left leg out again. Repeat with the other leg.[2]

Eating Well and Dieting
Hydrate while cutting out excessive sweets from your liquid diet. Stick with water. Water is healthy, plentiful, cheap, and actually tastes good. Water flushes out harmful toxins, carries nutrients to cells, and provides a moist environment for bodily tissues that need it. Doctors recommend drinking 64 ounces of fluid per day, or about .[3]
Avoid sodas, energy drinks, concentrated juices, etc.They’re a weakness for us all, but they make shaving off those pounds really difficult. All of these drinks have tons of sugar in them, sometimes as much as 300 calories[4], which can negate a whole workout.

Drink green tea for a great source of antioxidants and negligible calories.[5]Green tea contains about ten times the polyphenols as most other veggies, and assists the body in protecting its cells from free radicals. Best of all, tea contains 1-2 calories per liter, which means that a simple cup of tea (unsweetened) is about as guilt-free as it gets!

Drink a cup of tea or a glass of water right before you eat a meal. This will trick your body into believing it’s more full than it actually is, meaning that your cravings will be lower and you’ll be inclined to eat less during a meal.

Eat healthy. You do not need to go on a diet in order to eat healthy.Simply watching what you eat will help you to slim down and get fit. When eating healthy you should consider what sort of items from each food group you should be eating. Try to eat balanced meals every time you sit down to eat.[6]
Carbohydrates: Complex carbs are absorbed more slowly by your body so they don’t overload your system. These include oats, whole-wheat products, and unprocessed grains such as brown rice.

Protein: Choose lean meat when getting your protein intake. Lean meats include fish and poultry. Other forms of good protein include beans, soy products, and nuts.

Fruits and vegetables: While it may be hard to believe, there are actually better fruits and veggies than others (though they are all pretty darn good for you.) Look for super foods like kale, blueberries, and swiss chard.

Good fats vs. bad fats: Omega 3 fatty acid and monounsaturated fats are good for your system and will actually help you lower your cholesterol. Nuts, olive oil, seed oil, and fish all contain these ‘good fats.’ Trans and saturated fats are the things that will make your thighs larger. These include most processed food, candy, cakes, etc.

Dairy: Try to stick to low-fat dairy products. Yogurt is especially great, as it contains bacteria that help you digest and process food efficiently. Dairy products are also a good source of protein and calcium.[7]

Consider a low-carbohydrate (Atkins) diet. The theory is that overweight people eat too many carbohydrates. A diet rich in carbs causes the body to release insulin.[8] The body controls the insulin by producing glucose (sugar), which eventually gets converted into fat. The low-carb diet structures your meals around proteins, soy-products, vegetables, fruits and nuts to avoid this. While you want to limit the amount of carbs you eat, you don’t want to completely cut them out of your diet. Try to have carbs at least 20% of the time. Your body does need glucose in order to function, and carbs are a good source for that. Foods that are allowed[9] as part of the low-carb diet:
Unprocessed, high-protein meats, such as beef, lamb, pork, chicken, and turkey.

Unprocessed, high-protein fish, such as salmon, tuna, mackerel, and trout.

Low-carbohydrate vegetables and leafy greens.

Full-fat, unprocessed cow, goat, or sheep’s milk cheeses.

Know what foods are not allowed in a low-carb diet. Foods that are not allowed as part of the low-carb diet include:
Grains. No pasta, bread, cakes, or pastries.

Fruits and fruit juices.

Processed foods. These usually have added sugar in them.

Starchy vegetables. No potatoes, beets, or corn.

Sugar or margarine.

Consider a low-calorie diet. If you burn more calories than you take in, you’ll lose weight. The low-cal diet[10] means reducing your intake to between 1,200 and 1,500 calories per day for women. It is recommended if you want to lose no more than 2 pounds per week. It is not safe to attempt to lose more than 2 pounds per week unless under strict doctor supervision. Limit the amount of fat that you eat to between 35 and 60 grams per day. This means that fats should make up about 20% to 35% of your entire calories for the day.

Aim to eat about 170 to 240 grams of complex carbohydrates like whole grains, vegetables, and fruits per day. This should make up about 45% to 65% of your entire calories for the day.

Aim to eat about 55 to 95 grams of low-fat protein, which includes meat, poultry, and fish per day. This should account for about 15% to 25% of your total calorie intake for the day.

Consider a ketogenic (keto) diet. Keto diets are like low-carb diets in that you’re trying to avoid eating carbohydrates by substituting fats and proteins into your diet. The difference is that Keto diets are higher in fat and lower in protein that the Atkins diet.
Why fats instead of protein? If you eat too much protein, your body turns the excess protein into glucose, which is what you were trying to avoid in carbs in the first place. On the other hand, fats have no effect on blood sugar and insulin levels.

Shoot to get about 70-75% of calories from fat, 20-25% from protein, and 5-10% from carbohydrates.[11] Limit the amount of carbs you eat to between 20 and 50 grams per day.

Since being strict about how many carbs you eat is an essential part of the keto diet, it’s important to understand how to count carbs correctly. Invest in a carb counter guide and study it.

Maintaining Physical Health
Exercise your whole body. Without getting too technical, the body loses fat by converting it into usable energy. This process is called ketosis.[12] But when your body converts fat into energy, it loses fat from all over, not just in a specific place like your thighs. So in order to work away that thigh fat, you have to work out your entire body.

Get a solid full body workout at the gym. If you want a full-body workout that burns a lot of calories but is relatively safe on your joints, try biking or swimming.[13] These are recommended specifically for people suffering from arthritis or nursing a serious injury. Spin those legs or work those laps for an hour at least three times a week.

Play a sport. Joining a recreational or competitive league, or merely playing with friends, can make a huge difference in burning calories. We’re more motivated to participate in sports for social and competitive reasons. This means we’re much more likely to play for the entire game and burn more calories than we are to give up when the workout becomes hard. If you don’t like playing sports but still want to work out in a group, form a workout group with your friends. Set a gym schedule every week and help each other stick to it. You can also get exercise videos like Insanity or P90X and do them at your house with your friends. Just make sure to keep each other on track.

Know what sort of exercise burns less or more calories. Sadly, yoga and Pilates are not great for burning lots of calories, so don’t rely on them exclusively. Yoga and Pilates burn about 200 calories per hour[14], compared to about 800 calories burned by playing competitive basketball.[15] If you’re serious about losing thigh fat, but seriously devoted to yoga, work another program into your calorie-busting routine.

Walk when you can. If you do nothing else, walk. Walking is an overlooked and underrated exercise. Depending on your weight and your pace, you can burn anywhere from 100-400 calories per hour walking.[16] And as we all know, walking doesn’t take it out of you like running, biking, or swimming does. Find a walking partner and work on burning calories together!

Make sure you’re getting your beauty rest. With all this working out, you should feel exhausted and worn out. (That’s a good sign!) The great part is that getting enough sleep can also help you lose weight. That’s right: Sleeping enough can help you lose weight.
When your body doesn’t get enough sleep, it produces a hormone called ghrelin and lowers levels of another hormone called leptin.[17] Leptin tells your brain when you are full, and ghrelin stimulates your appetite. In other words, when you don’t get enough sleep, your body has a bigger appetite and your brain doesn’t send as many signals to your body that it’s full.

People with sleep apnea, which causes breathing cessation for periods of time during the night, are also more likely to be overweight.[18] If you think you have sleep apnea, it’s a good idea to get it checked out by a doctor so that your sleep starts paying off.

Stand don’t sit. Standing burns calories, sitting stores them. The easiest way to burn calories is to start standing more often. Try walking around while watching TV, or talking on the phone. It most definitely cannot replace exercise but it’s an extra.

Eat more vegetables than junk food, replacing bad food with healthy food. You can also try the “mountain climbers” exercise to lose thigh fat.

Drink a lot of water during the day that way you have less room for food, which can help you lose weight.

Do not starve yourself in order to lose weight. Starving yourself makes your metabolism go even slower, as it prepares itself for possibly a long time without food and stores up fat reserves. Aside from not being an effective weight loss routine, it’s extremely unhealthy.

Sources and Citations
Related wikiHows
How to Lose Upper Thigh Weight

How to Take an Inch off Your Thighs

How to Lose Flab on Thighs

How to Lose Weight Fast

How to Burn Fat Without Losing Muscle

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How to Change Startup Programs on Your Computer

Is your computer running more slowly than it used to? It may be because you have enabled too many startup programs, that is, programs that launch automatically when you start your computer. These programs can bog down your system resources, and removing them can free up space. This article provides methods for users of Windows, Mac OS, and GNU/Linux.

Before You Start
Use the programs themselves. Many programs that start automatically will include and option not to start automatically. Search through the program settings first to see if this option is available before using any other method.
It may be helpful to Google for this setting as well (“Dropbox start up settings”, etc.).

Examine which programs start automatically. How many programs start automatically really won’t have a huge effect on your computer. What really matters is how much processing power they take up. Take a look at how much processing power they’re using and find the biggest culprits. Those are the programs you should stop from starting automatically.
For Windows computers, you can look into this by opening the task manager (ctrl+alt+del) when the computer first boots and look at which programs are sucking up the most processing power.

Research before stopping programs. You should always do a little homework before you stop a program from starting when you boot up your computer. Certain programs are necessary to the normal function of your computer and stopping them can cause serious harm. Don’t remove anything unless you know exactly what it is. Google is your friend.

Avoid utilities for this purpose. There are many unofficial utilities or programs which will tell you that they can streamline the process of changing your startup programs, and they may work. However, you should always be extremely cautious of free programs or even paid programs which come from places other than your computer or OS’s manufacturer. Read the directions below to find out how to change the startup programs without risking getting a virus or otherwise compromising your system.
One program which is generally reliable and safe is CCleaner, which you should always download from a reliable, safe source like CNet. Go to Tools->Startup to change the programs.

Windows 7
Open up the Run dialog box by:
Opening the start menu and clicking “Run” or

Pressing the Windows Key and “R” at the same time.

Type in msconfig in the text box. Then click “OK” or press “Enter”. A dialog box will pop up with various tabs. By default, it’s on the General tab.

Click Startup. Click on the “Startup” tab. This shows the different programs that start up when you turn on your computer.

Disable programs. Get to work disabling the programs that you don’t want starting up automatically. Be careful not to disable anything important. Look up programs first if you are unsure.

Click “OK” once you’ve finished disabling the automatic programs. For example, if you don’t want iTunes starting up automatically, just uncheck iTunes.exe.

Check the Startup folder. Be aware that startup programs are also stored in a folder called “Startup.” Click on the start menu, go to “All Programs,” and select “Startup.” Chances are that there is nothing in there, but there could be some programs, so it’s worth checking.
If you don’t want any of those programs to start up, simply right-click the file(s) you don’t want and select “Delete.”

Windows 8
Open the task manager. You can do this by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Del or by searching for it using the search bar in your Charms menu.

Click the Startup tab. You will see a tab in the Task Manager window which says “Startup”. Click it.

Disable programs as necessary. Be careful not to disable anything important. Look up programs first if you are unsure.
More options are also available if you right-click on the item.

Add programs. You can also add programs by adding shortcuts to the Startup folder on your computer. The address for the startup folder should look something like this:
Menu\Programs\Startup”. Just replace “wikiHow” with your user name for your PC.

Windows XP and Vista
Open Windows Defender. This program should be installed by default on your computer but if it’s not, download the program from Microsoft and install it.

Click Tools.

Click Software Explorer.

Disable startup programs as necessary. Be careful not to disable anything important. Look up programs first if you are unsure.

Add startup programs, if you want to. You can also add startup programs, by adding shortcuts to the folder “Startup”, found under the “All Programs” menu when you click “Start”.

Mac OS X
Go to your computer’s dock and access “System Preferences.”

Click “Accounts” in the Menu.

Click the “Login Items” tab.

Click the item you want to remove and click the minus button. If you want to add something, press the plus button and select the application.

Edit the scripts in /etc/init.d. This directory contains a number of start/stop scripts for various services on your computer system.

Use rcconf if you want software help. This tool configures system services in connection with system runlevels. In other words, it will help you turn services on/off using the scripts in /etc/init.d.
If you’re running the Ubuntu operating system, you can use the settings from here: System -> Preferences > Startup Applications.

Be sure to use common sense when disabling the programs. For example, if it’s iTunes.exe, you can tell that that is related to iTunes. Just don’t overestimate your common sense.

Another totally free software toolbox is CCleaner, available from or from the author at Software. On the Tools tab, you can stop startup programs from running (both ones in the Startup folder and ones starting from elsewhere), as well as uninstall unwanted programs.

A free alternative to WinPatrol is Autoruns from the Sysinternals suite. It has the same and more features as Winpatrol and it is free. (Sysinternals is part of Microsoft.)

If for some reason doesn’t have what you’re looking for, you can always try using a search engine to look for the information you need.

Be sure that you have a good idea of the process. Even though there is nothing in startup that your computer needs in order to run, you may temporarily lose access to some of your software if you are not careful.

Related wikiHows
Start Up a Computer

Alter Startup Programs in Windows XP

Make Windows XP Startup Faster

Change the Startup Programs in Vista

Tackle Excel 2007 Startup Problems

How to Automatically Close Open Windows on Startup

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How to Start Over

Starting over again is one of the toughest things a person can be asked to do. But most of us, at one point in our lives, are forced to do exactly that. Whether you’re reeling from the loss of a loved one, the estrangement of a partner, or the severance from a job, taking control of your new circumstances is an important part of turning around your life. Here are some tips on how to do exactly that.

After Divorce or Breakup
Distract yourself. Maybe you’re going through a lengthy divorce that’s stressful and saps the energy right from you. Or maybe you’ve simply split with the person you loved. Whatever it is, dwelling on your loss is a recipe for disaster. Your mind is a beautiful tool, but when it dwells on the past it keeps you from enjoying the present. The object isn’t to destroy the past — that would be irresponsible — but rather to put the past away until we’re healthy enough to deal with what happened.
Lean on your friends and family. Your friends, especially, are a great distraction. Maybe schedule an ice-cream and movie night with your girlfriends, where you watch crummy (but awesome, really) movies with the people who understand you best. Or go out camping with your best buds, where you fish and grill your catch over an open fire (kudos to you if you start it without matches!). Whatever you choose to do, involve your friends. They will help you remember that there is more to life than one person.

Remove from sight all reminders of the love you lost. You don’t have toburn all the pictures of your ex-spouse or former love, but you probably should put them away into safe-keeping. Again, the purpose isn’t to deny that the other person existed; it’s to keep them out of sight and out of mind until you’re in a safe enough place emotionally to deal with the fact maturely and responsibly.

It’s okay to get away, for a while. If you feel like all of your memoriesof your former life are tied to one place, consider taking a short vacation. Go someplace that you’ve always wanted to go but never had the chance to visit: maybe India, maybe Europe, maybe somewhere nearby that still feels foreign. This is about you, so don’t be afraid to treat yourself a little. Being in a new place will keep away memories of your former love, at least for a while, and you’ll be able to indulge your curiosity like you’re a kid in a candy shop. Plan on going back home after at most a month.

Understand what went wrong. Hopefully, you still want put yourself out there and eventually find someone you deeply and genuinely connect with. In order to do this, acknowledge that you might need to fix a few things about your habits, your personality, and your reactions. None of us are perfect, but the ones who succeed in relationships are capable of making adjustments when they need to.
Consider talking to a relationship expert or psychologist. Relationship experts understand what makes relationships work and what dooms them to die. Talking with a professional will help you understand the aspects of your former relationship that you’ll need to change moving forward.

Write a letter or email to your ex asking for feedback. Don’t be confrontational, or blame them for the failed relationship, whatever you do. Your goal here isn’t to settle the score, it’s to understand what went wrong. Tell them you’re trying to improve as a human being, and want honest feedback from someone who knows you well. Ask him or her politely to list any of the things they believe seriously hurt the relationship, and what you might have done differently in a perfect world. Take the things they say to heart; they’re not trying to hurt you, even if it seems that way. A nice, well-meaning letter can go a long way toward healing your relationship with the person. Even if it only means you stay on friendly terms, it’s a huge step in the right direction.

Forgive yourself and forgive your ex. Separating from someone you love dearly can leave you feeling a lot of things. Don’t only blame the other person for what went wrong: the blame-game is a two-way street. Instead of letting that guilt or that resentment fester inside, let go of it. Blame will only make you a bitter person; if you work to fix the problems you had in the past relationship, there’s no reason to feel guilty. Try to leave all that ill-will behind, so that the next time you fall in love, you’ll give your lover all the trust they deserve and all the confidence you have.

Slowly put yourself out there again. Dating after a breakup is a lot like getting back into the job market: if you wait too long in between engagements, people will start wondering if there’s something wrong with you (even if it’s a totally ridiculous suspicion). It’s okay to mourn the loss of a loved one, but the longer you keep yourself away from other people, the harder it’ll be to get back on the train when it starts moving again. Ask your friends to set you up. Your friends are great judges of your character. They know what makes you click and what makes you fume. Asking them to set you up with someone could turn out beneficial. You both know the same person or group of people, which means you’re more likely than not to get along. Just don’t blame your friends if you two don’t hit it off; your friends meant well, and couldn’t know whether or not you’d click. Go into the date, however, optimistic that you deserve love in life and excited about meeting a new person.

Try internet dating. The internet has revolutionized the way we interactand connect with people in the 21st century. Internet dating is low-stress and high-reward; you get to choose the people you want to message without embarrassing the people you want to stay away from. If you do decide to give internet dating a whirl, make sure to fill out your profile in an honest fashion. That means putting up an accurate (but flattering!) picture and being forthright about your likes and dislikes. You wouldn’t want to go to a date with someone and find out they’re totally different from what their profile suggests, so why do that to another person?

It’s okay to test the waters, as long as you’re honest. Okay, so maybe you don’t want anything committed right now, seeing as how you just stepped out of a serious relationship. It’s okay to get into low-commitment relationships, just as long as the other person knows that’s what is happening. Maybe you shouldn’t tell them about your other relationship right away, but tell them — before things get intimate — that you’re not looking for a committed relationship. This will help both parties: it’ll attract the right type of people to you, and spare the other person the heartbreak that you so recently felt.

After Death of a Loved One
Don’t be afraid to mourn. The death of a loved one is a painful, sometimes sudden occurrence that is part of life. Instead of pretending that the death never happened, acknowledge that a person you loved died, and remind yourself that life is too precious to take for granted. Mourning is a tribute to the loved one as much as it is a tribute to life.
If you are religious, take solace in the teachings of your religion. Religious texts offer inspiration to believers the world over. Read about what your religion has to say about death — you might learn something you didn’t know before. If you are part of a community of believers, pray and worship with them. Don’t be afraid to lean on them in times of need; that’s what they’re there for.

Cry as much as you need to. Don’t feel like there’s a certain way you need to behave in front of other people. You should behave the way you feel: if you feel sad, then cry. Crying makes most people feel better than they did before crying[1]. Have a shoulder to lean on when you cry, because crying along can make you feel like you’re all alone in the world, which you aren’t. There are plenty of people out there who not only know what you are going through, but who love you for who you are.

Public death rituals, like funerals, are important. However you choose to memorialize the death of your loved one, remember that the ritual of letting go is an important one. Rituals help us intellectually acknowledge the death of an individual, even though we might have denied this fact in our minds in the days leading up to the funeral[2]. The public ceremony helps memorialize the deceased person, and puts us on the path of healing.

Reach a state of acceptance. While the loss of your loved one may strike you as incredibly unfair, try not to harbor any resentment or anger. You’ll be healthier and happier once you get to a state of acceptance. Acceptance in this case is an acknowledgment that you have limited power and that your life cannot be completely tethered to a person who is deceased, however much you loved them while they were still alive.
Try journaling as a means of gaining acceptance over your loss. Spend 15 minutes each day — more than 15 minutes each day might worsen the grief[3] — and write about how you feel, how much the person meant to you and why, and imagine what your life might be like in a year from now. Writing down your thoughts can be a powerful emotional release. It will also serve as a written record of your feelings. This might help deepen your emotional understanding as you look back on your writing.

Try meditating or praying. Meditation and praying tap into the same fundamental belief for acceptance: there are things in the world that we don’t yet understand (and might never), just as there are things in the world that are greater or larger than us. If meditating, try to reach a state of mindlessness; banish all coherent thoughts from your active imagination, and let the moment wash over you. Only in your complete powerlessness will you achieve power. If praying, call to your higher power to instill understanding in you; acknowledge that you are imperfect, but seek to learn. This prayer is an act of trust as much as it is a reaching out toward your higher power.

Be social. The emotional pain and loss suffered from the death of your loved one will never quite leave you, and neither should it. It will, however, diminish over time. With the help of friends and family, your wound will turn into a scar — not painful to the touch, but a memory of former pain, and a message to the rest of the world that you survived.
Take support from your family. Regardless of how close you are to your family, know that they love you deeply simply by virtue of who you are. Take comfort in them. Stay with them for a little while if possible. Let them know that you hope to be able to offer support to them in their time of need, because they, too, might very well be grieving. Give a little and you will get a lot. Love between your family is something that even death cannot take away from you.

Surround yourself with friends. If your friends haven’t already swarmed around you, offering food and company and love, take a page from the book of initiative and go and see them yourself. Like family, good friends will love you and try to understand what you are going through. Distract yourself a little with your friends; you’ve probably been living a horrific dream-like existence for quite some time. Going out to the movies, seeing nature in all its splendor, or simply talking about fashion, politics, or sports is just what the doctor ordered. Friends will help remind you to take advantage of your time as much as possible.

If the person who died was a lover, consider dating again. Ask yourself: Would your lover have wanted you to move on, leading a happy and fulfilling life, or dwell on their nonexistence, punishing yourself with loveless and lonely nights? It may take some time to be ready to date again, especially if you spent decades together. In the end, the decision about whether to date again is a deeply personal one that only you can make. But rest assured that love walks on earth in many forms, and that perhaps the greatest tribute you can give to your former lover is to teach another human being what it means to be truly loved.

After Losing or Quitting a Job
Take stock on your goals. What do you want out of life? The answer to this question will probably help you figure out what you want out of your next job. Do you care about being outside, in nature? About helping people? Maybe you want to be very wealthy, and don’t mind sacrificing time with family and sleepless nights. Figure out what your goals are, and how the next career journey will help you achieve them.
Do you want to stay in the same job field or switch careers? Experts say that the average person will make up to seven career changes during a lifetime of work.[4] Ask yourself how happy you were at your last job. If you weren’t happy, try to determine whether that was caused by the circumstances of the job (e.g. bad boss, a good one would have made your job amazing) or the circumstances of the industry.

When considering a new field, ask yourself: If money weren’t an issue, what would I want to do simply because I love doing it? Whatever the answer, there’s a good chance that someone is willing to hire you to do exactly that. If there aren’t any jobs available that match your answer, consider offering your own services or starting your own business. The perks of being your boss are many, and maybe the most important thing of all is that you set your own salary.

Maybe you don’t have the answer to the question above. Maybe you know what you don’t want to do, but not what you want to do. Don’t fret: a lot of people are in exactly the same boat as you. Pick up a personality test — by some estimates there are over 2,500[5] — or start reading a self-help book. There are tons of informative, engaging, perceptive books for the person who is changing careers and on the lookout for a job. What Color Is Your Parachute? by Richard Nelson Bolles, Do What You Are by Barbara Barron-Tieger, and The Adventures of Johnny Bunko by Daniel H. Pink are three excellent choices to start you off with.

Network like your life depended on it. Because it does. Many people just apply to jobs they hear about online without ever tapping the power of their human network. Your network is the people around you who work as professionals, and who could possibly help find you a job. (Remember, as well, that networking also means asking how you can help other people.) What people don’t realize is that many jobs aren’t listed by companies on or, or that many companies will make a job for a person they like.
Go on informational interviews. Informational interviews are less formal interviews where you’re principally trying to get information, and you don’t expect the person you’re interviewing to offer you job. Informational interviewing is all about getting great inside information and enlarging the scope of your network. Invite a professional in an interesting field out to lunch or coffee, tell them you’ll only keep them for 20 minutes, and ask them a serious of insightful questions about their career and their jobs. At the end of the interview, ask them for three references you might also interview. If you’re lucky, and they’re impressed with you, they could offer you a job on the spot.

Develop your elevator pitch. An elevator pitch is a 30 second story you tell other professionals about who you are and what your goals are. Your elevator pitch is essential for networking events where you meet a bunch of people and need to tell them about yourself. Remember to keep your elevator pitch short and engaging. When someone asks you to tell them a bit about yourself, they don’t want to hear a five minute recap of your college days or one job, as dry as the desert in the summer. They want something short, snappy, and memorable. You’ll do well to give them what they want!

Attend industry and networking events. Maybe you went to college with a big and mobile alumni base, and they hold weekly or bi-monthly networking dinners. Or maybe you’ve gotten keyed in on an industry event that you attended regularly while you were at your last job. Whatever form it is, remember to get out there and meet people. Meeting other professionals is far and away the best way to land a job. If you’re smart, engaging, funny, and likable, people will take notice and want to help you out. Remember to do the same for other people. The beauty of networking is that all parties agree to help each other out.

Pound the pavement. Well, then, you probably already knew this. You can’t find a job if you’re not looking. So get off the couch, stop playing video games, put on a nice suit or skirt, and put yourself out there! The only way you’ll get a job is if you reach out to other people instead of waiting for them to reach out to you.
Do your research. Make a list of the places and people you’d most want to work for. Then find out as much as you can about them. Research their history, their mission statement, their best practices. Have lunch with one of their employees, if possible. There are few things you control when you’re looking for jobs, but how much effort you put into doing your homework is one of them. Work harder at researching the companies you want to work for than any other candidate; if you get an interview, your hard work will have paid off.

Cold call. You can do this over the phone or in person. Get together your list of organizations, companies, or people you’d like to work for, and either call them or meet them at their offices. Ask to speak to their Human Resources (HR) representative, and ask the HR rep if they’re hiring. If they are, talk about the ways in which you’re qualified for the position, demonstrating knowledge of their practices and goals. Hand off your resume or email it to the company at the end of the conversation. If you made an impression on the HR rep, you’ll have that feather in your cap when you’re called in for an interview.

Never say, “I should have done things differently,” or “if only I had taken them to the doctor sooner.” Blame can be like poison in the body. Accept what has happened and go on with your life because you really cannot change a thing.

Never allow a negative thought to remain or linger, reject it and replaceit with a positive thought..ex..I’m not qualified for this job…you replace it by saying there is a job that is exactly my fit..or maybe Its too late for me to go to school…replace it by saying there’s always room to educate oneself and I can’t wait to enroll…always think upward and never downward.

You can always move on. Believe in yourself and don’t let this one incident bring you down.

Rearrange the furniture. Sometimes the memories of a room or a house can be hard to shake. Take an afternoon and rearrange the furniture, pictures, etc. It will start feeling new and fresh and the memories of your new place will be all yours.

Related wikiHows
How to Live After the Death of a Spouse

How to Get a Job After You’ve Been Fired

How to Cope with Loss and Pain

How to Achieve Inner Peace

How to Deal With Guilt After a Divorce

How to Keep the Passion You Had for Your Job when You First Began

Sources and Citations
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How to Use Life Hacks

Life hacks are quick, relatively easy, and fun things that make your life easier. However, simply looking at a photo with a small “Use a dust pan to…” doesn’t make your life much easier! Below are some detailed descriptions of several different life hacks and how to use them.

Becoming a Life Hacker
Take some time at the end of the day to think about what you did. Think about what points in your day were really inefficient, and what parts you did very efficiently. Think about how you could do that better, and try it out to see if it helps.
Maybe you spend too much time in the shower. You could avoid that by choosing a song to play while in the shower, and when that song is over, you have to get out.

Use Life Hacks on wikiHow. Search wikiHow for how to do these Life Hacks to get an even more detailed version. Many life hacks are on wikiHow.

Search YouTube for “Simple Life Hacks” to find even more life hacks than the ones listed here. You can see people actually building and doing Life Hacks.

Kitchen Life Hacks
Balance a wooden spoon over the top of a boiling pot to stop the bubbles from foaming over. It works because bubbles and foam created from boiling water are filled with steam. If the bubble touches something that has a temperature below 100°C, the steam will condense (change back into a liquid) and break the surface of the bubble.

Use a pants hanger as an inexpensive cookbook holder. Everyone’s beenthere: they’re trying to cook the ultimate Thanksgiving dinner, but have to keep running across the room to look at the cook book and end up burning the food. To avoid that, simply clip the book into the pants hanger, and hang it from any open cupboard handle.

Cover a beverage with wet paper towels and place it in the freezer. Wring the paper towels out slightly, so the water does not drip all over your freezer. Leave the drinks there for fifteen minutes, and by then, it will be ice-cold. Good if you are using a bottle, or have no ice in the freezer.

Put pancake batter in an old ketchup bottle. With the batter stored safely, you not only provide a mess-free counter, but can use it later without having to go through all the trouble of covering a bowl, then cleaning the drips from the counter and range. Use a funnel to get the pancake batter into the small opening. Bonus life hack: make the funnel from a bottle!

Use muffin tins to serve condiments at a BBQ. These small muffin bakerswill keep condiments separated from each other, so no
gross mustard-relish-mayonaise messes will occur. It also makes for an easy cleanup.

Use a straw to quickly and fully remove stems from strawberries. Not onlyis this method quicker and more efficient, it keeps all the extra strawberry you usually cut off intact. Start from the bottom, and push up until the stem pops out.

When making lemonade, use tongs to squeeze the lemon fully. Place half a lemon in between the two sides. Pull down on the sides usually meant for picking up meat. This will get almost all the juice out of a lemon. Clean fully afterwards.

Use dental floss to cut slices of soft things, such as cake, cheese, rolls, and fondant. The flexible string is thin enough to cut. Hold it tightly with two hands, and pull it through. This uses the same principle as using a wire to cut clay.

Use the top of a water bottle to keep bread from going stale. Cut the top off any water bottle, or juice bottle. Next, pull the top of the bag through the top of the water bottle. Fold the bag over the top of the bottle, then screw on the lid to make an air tight seal.

When dieting, use a smaller plate to eat less. It helps your mind to think there’s more food, and limits what you can pile on.

Make noodles in a coffee maker. The water will boil, softening the noodles and allowing you to cook them. Cook them the normal time you would in a pan. Do not cook sauce in the coffee maker, however. This also works for hot dogs.

Use plastic lids as coasters. Don’t have a coaster on hand? A plain lid can do wonders! Just place your drink on top and you’ve got a neat coaster. Make sure to clean before using.

Warm up leftover pizza in a cooking pan. This helps the pizza crust not become soft and dry.

When pouring milk in cereal, place your spoon upside down in the bowl. This will prevent the milk splashing all over the table and turning into a mess.

To remove the yolk from the egg, use a water bottle. Crack the egg, and squeeze the bottle slightly. Place the opening over the yolk, and the yolk will suddenly be sucked in.

Bed and Bath LifeHacks
Screw a magazine holder onto the back of a cabinet door to store the hair dryer. This is the perfect size, and will stay on. As an alternative, use Command Strips, or other sticky hooks that hold well.

Use coat hooks instead of towel rods to hang shared towels. These take up much less space, and actually hold large towels much better. It also helps them to dry faster.

Apply magnetic strips behind cabinet doors to hold tweezers, bobby pins,and other magnetic objects, like cosmetic brushes. Use sticky magnetic so as to not damage your walls. Make sure all your clips are magnetic before attempting this.

Place your reader in a ziplock bag so you can read without worrying. Before you try this in the bath tub, put a piece of paper inside the bag, then completely submerge it. If the paper is wet, then the bag is not completely water proof, and should not be used. Ziplock bags work the best.

Avoid elbow grease, and fit a scrub brush to a drill and use your favorite cleaner. This will scrub everything very well, and as Scrubbing Bubbles say, “We work hard so you don’t have to!”

Hang your lamp, if you have a tiny bedroom. This will save the space of having a bedside table, and will give off much more light. To make a DIY one: Buy some craft wire

Twist it using pliers

Attach Christmas lights to it

Make a low-profile hanging hamper. Instead of buying an ugly beige one, use colorful fabric and sew one using an embroidery hoop. Find a sack/sew a sack, then wrap the top around the embroidery hoop and sew.

When painting a room, pour in a tablespoon of vanilla extract to the paint. Stir it around and start painting. In the end, the room won’t smell like that terrible paint odor, but instead smell like pure vanilla.

Fashion Life Hacks
Waterproof your Toms (or any shoes). Take beeswax (the lubricating type), and rub it over your shoes. Make sure you cover every part on the outside, and regularly touch up if the beeswax is coming off. Use a blow dryer or any type of heat to melt the surface of the wax, therefore making it invisible.

Use a hair straightener as a collar iron. This method is much more easy and effective than taking out the full iron, waiting for it to heat, then putting everything away. Borrow your girlfriend’s/sister’s/wife’s straightener, or simply buy a cheap one from CVS or other pharmacy.

Try white wine to get out red wine stains. Gently blot with a cloth soaked in white wine to remove the stains. Test first on a piece of scrap fabric, in case it stains your clothes more.

Use Windex to restore patent leather shoes. Windex can be used to safely restore the sheen to patent shoes. Spray the affected area, then wipe gently until the stain/mark comes off.

Pair socks before washing and safety pin them together in the wash to avoid having to re-pair them. This will help avoid the single sock search around the house. Use a safety pin, or other device that is water safe and will stay on when tossed around.

Organizing and Cleaning Life Hacks
Use a clean dust pan to fill a container that doesn’t fit in the sink.Place the bucket or other large container on the floor directly in front of the sink. Place the larger end inside the sink, so that water can easily flow onto it. Place the handle sticking out of the sink, so that the water will fall into the bucket.

Use nail polish to paint your keys different colors to tell them apart. Instead of going to the locksmith’s and asking them to make colored copies of the keys, why not make brighter, more colorful, personalized, and free ones at home? Nail polish works better than other types of paint. Gel nail polish works the best, but any type will do.

Use a scarf/shoe hanger to organize your cleaning supplies, and keep them out of hungry little hands. The bottles fit perfectly, and if you get a mesh or clear pocketed one, you can even see the labels easily. Best of all, it takes up no floorspace whatsoever.

Use toothpaste to clear hazy headlights on car. Start by
putting a little toothpaste on a rag, and rubbing in circular motions, until done. With toothpaste, you may get 2-4 months out of it, unless you apply a wax, or something like Opti-coat, clear coat, or another sealant to your headlights to block the UV rays and keep them from getting hazy again. Toothpaste is a mild abrasive, so it naturally works well to polish things, and fill small scratches. Just don’t use any kind of toothpaste with cooling crystals or anything like that, as they will scratch the surface badly. Regular whitening toothpaste works fine.

Remove Sharpie. Use different removers for each type of object: For fabric: Use hand sanitizer.

For skin: Use rubbing alcohol

For walls: Use hairspray or toothpaste

For wood: Use rubbing alcohol

For carpet: Use white vinegar

For dry erase boards: Cover with white board marker.

For furniture: Use milk

For ceramic or glass: Use 1 part toothpaste, and 1 part baking soda.

Use a tennis ball to make an easy key holder. Cut a slit in a tennis ball. Add eyes, then attach a hooky velcro to the wall to attach the tennis ball. You can also use this as a towel holder, or a pen holder, or a letter holder.

At the end of your toothpaste, place a binder clip to get every bit. This can be useful when you are trying to squeeze every little bit of toothpaste by hand and can prevent waste going down the drain.

Soak crusty paint brushes in vinegar for half an hour. The chemicals cause the bristles to release and soften.

Make a dust pan from a milk gallon. Cut out the top of the handle, to the bottom of it. This can be useful if you lost your dust pan or need an (almost) free one.

Parenting Life Hacks
When the kids get too big for a crib, change it into a desk. Take out the mattress. Next, take one side out, and keep it for another kid/throw it out. Measure the size of the mattress, then find a chalkboard that fits. Add any hooks for supplies you want.

Keep kids from locking themselves in the bathroom. Tie a rubber band over the latch. Make an eight shape, then hook it over each knob.

To keep little feet from getting hurt on trampoline springs, cover them with pool noodles. Cut each pool noodle into quarters, then cut down one side of the noodle. It doesn’t have to be straight, but it helps if it does.This method also adds some bling to the trampoline!

Put a basket in the bathtub when your child is bathing so that the toys won’t flow away. This also provides a backrest your child can lean against, and sides to hold onto. Use one with holes on the smaller side so the smaller toys don’t float away.

Cover a play table in oilcloth to create a water-resistant outdoor picnic table. Buy a roll of oil cloth or plastic, and duct tape it to the table. You could also simply cover it with duct tape.

Make a fort or a makeshift changing room out of a sheet and a hola hoop. Fold the sheet in half, and loop it over the top. Tie it to a tree to keep it standing up.

Stick a dropper through an already cut pacifier to give medicine to babies. The baby will want to suck on it, and will not realize it is medicine. Make sure to completely clean the pacifier before giving it back to the baby.

Make a baby hammock using a sheet. Turn the sheet diagonally, then tie the ends over the table. Tie the other ends over the baby to help avoid falling babies.

Make a bracelet with your phone number on it for a child. Whenever you got in public with your child, have them wear they’re bracelet. If they ever get lost they can use the number on themselves to call for help.

Place a pool noodle under the sheets of a bed for kids who fall down. Place each pool noodle at the edge of the bed. Cover and tighten their bed with a sheet. Whenever you child is close to falling down they won’t, because of the protection of the pool noodle(s).

Use an inflatable pool as a play pen. Cover it with a blanket, and fill it with toys and pillows. The best type to buy is one with an inflatable bottom as to provide a soft space even when the baby walks.

School Life Hacks
If you have a school that blocks websites such as Youtube, going into Chrome’s “Incognito” mode will let you bypass that. Avoid using it too often, as then your secret will be out, and you will not be able to use it again.

To ace a test, review the hardest material before going to bed. Going to sleep right away consolidates the memory. Avoid cramming, but study hard!

Chewing the same flavor of gum you did while studying will help youremember the topic. When you clearly remember something (such as watermelon gum), you also remember what you were studying at the time.

Make double written notes. When you have a limit to one note card, fill up the entire index card with red ink. Then write over it with blue ink. Wear red/blue 3-D glasses and depending on what you want to read, close the corresponding eye. This is completely following the rules.

Use a dollar bill as ruler. Left your ruler at home but have a dollar bill on hand? Use that to measure instead. A dollar bill is about six inches long. Use with caution, and only use for approximate measurements.

Electronic Life Hacks
Use a spring from an old pen to keep your chargers straight. Avoid paying that extra $40 just to get a new charger by wrapping an old spring directly under the charger head to avoid wires popping out.

Use binder clips to fix a broken keyboard stand. Bend the clip to the two shiny extensions are facing opposite, then stick the black head into the square hole in the back. This should keep your keyboard titled slightly downwards.

Use binder clips to organize your cords. Clip them to the side of the table (or computer, book, etc.) Most of the commercially available cords have heads that are larger than the tops of the clips, so this should work with most, if not all of your cords. Say goodbye to the jumbled mess of tangled cords!

Use toilet rolls to organize cords in a box. For smaller cords, you can simply stick them inside a roll all tied up, and they’ll stay there. Larger cords can use them as “loop holders”. This is a great way to organize extension cords, chargers, headphone cords, or any other cords you may have.

Put your phone in a cup to boost the alarm sound. Tired of sleeping past your alarm? This will make the sound much louder. It’s the same principle as using a cup for a speaker. Put the phone so the speaker is face down.

Use an old cassette tape case as a stand for your iPhone or other smartphone. Fold the lid backwards, and place the case upside down. Bigger smartphones, such as the iPhone 6/6+, Galaxy Note 4 and the Nexus 6 may not fit.

Shopping Life Hacks
Get a refund on Amazon. If you buy something, and the price went downwithin 30 days, they will refund the amount it went down. Email them by going to customer service.

When shopping without kids, trace their feet before you go out. Cut out these traces. If they fit in the shoe, then your child’s feet will too.

If buying from Apple, add something to your cart, but don’t buy it yet. Leave it there for 7-10 days. By then, they will give you a 15-20% discount.

When shopping online for plane tickets, clear your cache. Airline companies will see what you’re searching and raise prices. You can save $50.

Carry all your bags up the stairs in one trip using a “Mommy Hook”. Many people are physically capable of carrying all of the bags, except the plastic digs into their hands. With the hook, it provides a soft surface to hold onto.

Instead of buying expensive canvases for your kids to paint on, use a clean pizza box. Many companies are willing to give an extra pizza box. The ones that are colored white (like from Domino’s) work the best, but any colored one does well.

Miscellaneous Life Hacks
If you’re out camping, and can’t find any kindling, use Doritos. Whenyou’re in the middle of nowhere, and have limited supplies, Doritos make great kindling. Cheetos, Fritos, and the others like that also burn well. The reason they burn is because it’s basically pure hydrocarbons (which burn) soaked in fat (which burns). Maybe another life hack would be to stop eating them?

To stop kids from dripping on their popsicle, use a cupcake holder. This quick and easy method only requires one holder. The ones with tinfoil on the edges work best, but any type will do.

Tie extension cords to keep them from unplugging. Tie them in a knot first, then plug in the ends. This should keep one end from pulling out.

Keep your valuables safe at the beach by hiding them inside a sunscreen bottle. Use all the sunscreen, then clean out the bottle by rinsing it, putting it in the dishwasher, or soaking it to get rid of all the oils. Make sure to use an inconspicuous bottle so you don’t attract attention.

If a bee ever lands on you, blow on it instead of slapping or shooing it. That way, the bee will not feel as threatened to sting. When being blown, bees will most likely think the wind is moving.

Put your phone under gatorade (or any liquid of similar properties). Unlock your smartphone’s screen, or use a flashlight app if desired. Place the phone beneath the Gatorade bottle. Your surrounding environment should immediately become much brighter, thanks to the bottle’s light-distributing qualities. The Gatorade bottle will send your phone’s light beams out in a wider range, helping to illuminate a larger-than-expected sized area around itself. You can use a full bottle of Gatorade and create colored lights.

If you forgot your spoon, use a tinfoil on fashioned out of the lid. Roll the tinfoil into a line, then unravel the end, making it into a spoon shape.

Before starting any project, gather all needed materials.

These life hacks are by no means the only life hacks out there. Do not be limited by the ones listed here. Make up your own!