Crochet butterflies can be used for a variety of purposes, including appliques and similar decorations. There are different ways to crochet a butterfly, so you should choose one that matches the look you’re interested in.
Method One: 3D Butterfly
Form a circle. Attach the yarn to your crochet hook using a slipknot, then make six chain stitches. Slip stitch the last stitch of your chain together with the first stitch of your chain to create a circle.
If you do not know how to make a slipknot, chain stitch, and/or slip stitch, please see the “Tips” section of the article for instructions.
Double crochet into the round. Chain stitch three times, then work two double crochets into the center of the round. Chain once more before continuing onto the next step.
Note that the initial set of three chains counts as your first double crochet stitch. As such, when you are counting your stitches, you will count three double crochets instead of two.
If you do not know how to double crochet, check the “Tips” section for further information.
Double crochet seven more sets. Work three double crochets into the center of the round, followed by another one chain stitch. Repeat this pattern six more times.
When done, you will have eight sets of three consecutive double crochets.
Close the round. Slip stitch into the third chain stitch of your previous chain-three set to finish off your first round.
Note that you will have eight spaces formed by each chain-one you worked into the previous round. These spaces will end up becoming the butterfly wings.
Advance to the second round. Work a slip stitch into the first chain-one space from the previous round, then chain two.
This will count as the first double crochet of your next double crochet set.
Finish off the double crochet set. Work two double crochets into the same chain-one space used in the previous step. Chain one again, then make three more double crochets into the same space.
Double crochet around the rest of your second round. Make a set of three double crochets, one chain, and three more double crochets into each of the remaining seven chain-one spaces. When done, slip stitch the last loop into the second chain of the chain-two you initially created for this round. You should be left with eight sets of six double crochets, each separated by a chain-one space.
Advance to the third round. Work a slip stitch into the first chain-one space of the previous round, then work two chain stitches.
This steps also counts as the first double crochet of your next set.
Create the first double crochet set of this round. Work seven double crochets into the same chain-one space, then single crochet into the stitch lying between the two chain-one spaces.
This single crochet will anchor the wing, keeping it rounded.
If you do not know how to single crochet, please see the “Tips” section for more information.
Work double crochets and single crochets until you reach the end of the round. Work eight double crochets into each chain-one space, and work one single crochet in between each double crochet set. When you reach the end of the round, slip stitch into the second chain of this round’s initial chain-two.
You should have eight sets of eight double crochets in each chain-one space at the end of this round.
Tie off the yarn. Cut the yarn, leaving a tail of at least 4 inches (10 cm). Pull this tail through the loop on your hook to knot off the yarn.
Fold the circle. Fold the circle in half, making sure that each ruffle from the top half lines up with a ruffle from the bottom half. Attach the tail of yarn to a crochet/darning needle, then sew up the center of this circle until you reach the inner circle lying at the fold.
When you start, the tail should be at the bottom.
Weave the tail through both layers of yarn through the center of the butterfly.
Tie a tight knot at the top to prevent the halves from coming apart.
Create two antennae. Work 25 chain stitches, then single crochet once into the second chain from the hook. Make one single crochet in each of the next four stitches, as well. Slip stitch into the next 14 stitches, and single crochet once into each of the last five stitches. Tie off the yarn. The above step creates one antenna. Repeat this step again to create a second antenna.
Attach the antennae. Fold the antennae in half and position them on top of the butterfly. Sew the tail of both antennae into the center knot of your butterfly to secure the antennae in place.
Weave in the ends. Hide any remaining tails by weaving the yarn into the stitches of the inner wing.
This step completes the process.
Method Two: 2D Butterfly Outline
Form a starting ring. Attach the yarn to your crochet hook with a slipknot, then work four chain stitches. Slip stitch the first and last chains together to form a ring.
If you need help forming slip knots, chain stitches, or slip stitches, please see the “Tips” section of this article.
Build up to a triple crochet. Work seven chain stitches from the loop on your hook, then make one triple crochet into the chain you just created. Note that the triple crochet can also be referred to as a “treble crochet.” See the “Tips” section for more information on making the triple crochet stitch.
Work the rest of the first wing. Chain two, then work in another triple crochet. Chain six more stitches, then slip stitch into the center of your starting ring.
Tie off the yarn. Cut the yarn, leaving a 2-inch (5-cm) tail. Pull this tail through the loop on your hook to fasten off the yarn.
This step completes the first wing. Your hook should no longer be attached to the work after you finish this step.
Weave the excess tail into the back of the wing or trim it down so that it is no longer visible from the front of the work.
Reattach the yarn. Attach the yarn to your crochet hook using a slipknot. Insert the hook into the center your starting ring, just above the point where the first wing ends, and chain stitch once over the top of the ring to secure the yarn in place.
Make the first antenna. Chain stitch five times to form an antenna. Cut the yarn, leaving a 2-inch (5-cm) tail, and pull the tail through the loop on your hook to fasten it off.
Trim away the excess tail once you fasten off the yarn.
Repeat for a second antenna. Reattach the yarn directly next to the first antenna, then chain stitch five times before fastening off the yarn. As before, the yarn will no longer be attached to your crochet hook at the end of this step.
Attach the yarn to the ring again. slipknot the yarn onto your crochet hook, then insert the hook into the center of the ring, just past the second antenna. Chain stitch once over the ring to secure the yarn in place. This will be the starting point of your second wing, so the position of the reattached yarn should be fairly even with the top of your first wing.
Work the second wing. The second ring is simply the mirror of your first ring. Chain six, then work in a triple crochet. Follow this with two chain stitches and another triple crochet. Slip stitch into the center of the starting ring.
Fasten off the yarn. Cut the yarn, leaving a tail measuring about 2 inches (5 cm) long. Pull this tail through the loop on your hook to fasten off the second wing.
The completion of this step marks the completion of the project.
To make a slip knot:
Cross the attached end of the yarn over the loose end, creating a loop.
Push the attached side of the yarn into this loop from below, drawing up a second loop in the process.
Tighten the first loop around this second loop to secure it, them slide the second loop over the hook.
Tighten the second loop into the hook.
To make a chain stitch:
Wrap the attached side of the yarn around the hook, positioning it above the loop already on the hook.
Pull this yarn over through the loop on your hook. This completes the stitch.
To make a slip stitch:
Insert the hook through the indicated stitch.
Wrap the yarn over the hook once.
Pull this yarn-over through the all loops on your hook, completing the stitch.
To make a single crochet:
Insert the hook into the next stitch.
Catch the yarn with your hook from the back, then pull it through to the front of the stitch. There should be two loops on your hook at this point.
Wrap the yarn over the hook once.
Pull the yarn-over through both loops on your hook. This move completes the stitch.
To make a double crochet:
Wrap the yarn over the hook.
Insert the hook into the next stitch.
Catch the yarn with the hook from the back, then pull it back through to the front of the stitch. You should have three loops on your hook at this point.
Wrap the yarn over the hook again, then draw this yarn-over through the first two loops on your hook.
Wrap the yarn over the hook once more, and draw it through the last two loops on the hook. This completes the stitch.
To make a triple crochet:
Wrap the yarn over the hook twice.
Insert your hook into the fifth stitch away from your hook.
Wrap the yarn over the hook once, then pull it through one of the loops on your hook.
Wrap the yarn over the hook once more, then pull it through two of the loops on your hook.
Wrap the yarn over the hook again, and pull it through another two loops on your hook.
Wrap the yarn over the hook one more time, then draw it through the last two loops on your hook. This completes the stitch.
Things You’ll Need
Method One: 3D Butterfly
Yarn, medium weight
Crochet hook, size J
Method Three: Butterfly Outline
Yarn, worsted weight
Crochet hook, size H
Sources and Citations
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