How to Make a Masquerade Mask

The history of the masquerade mask is intertwined with the history of the festive season of Carnival. During this religious celebration, people crowd the streets in costume to party before Lent. The costumes include ostentatious masks of all shapes and sizes. The design of masquerades masks is fairly simple — the mask covers the top half of the wearer’s face and is sometimes attached to a handle. Today masquerade masks are also worn at non-religious costume parties or at Halloween. Use the following steps to make a masquerade mask.

With Paper or Card
Choose or create your mask design. The standard mask goes a bit above the eyebrows and ends at the top of the cheekbone, but yours doesn’t have to. A basic masquerade mask is an elongated horizontal oval with a curved hump for the nose. More elaborate masquerade masks can cover more of the cheeks and forehead with exaggerated points at either end. Look for ideas on the Internet or a costume shop. You will also need to decide the type of materials to use in your mask construction.

Sketch or print out the basic outline of your design on a piece of paper. For a sturdier mask, use cardstock. You could also take several pieces of paper to make it even stronger.
You want the outline to be plain with plenty of inner white space. Use letter-sized paper — anything smaller wouldn’t work and anything bigger would be a waste.

Add details to the outline. Doing this now will help you see if you likethe shape of your mask — you can adjust it as necessary or add a detail as part of the shape of your mask.
Attaching flames or swoops onto the outline can make it more interestingand even change its shape entirely. Consider flames, swoops, hearts, stars, and geometric shapes.

Cut out the mask. Be careful! Use a good pair of scissors to prevent any snags or tears. Leave a little extra room on the sides if you are attaching a band or some type of holding device.
Trim your eyeholes much larger than the size of your actual eyes. Having more visual space is safer, more comfortable, and it tends to look better.

Mark your mask for painting. You’ll be very glad you do this — you won’t end up painting your mask and having it turn out poorly or not to your liking. Make your marks light; you don’t want to see them through your paint. Creating a design for the surface of the mask might include multiple colors and textures. Sketching those outlines ahead of time will allow you to maintain symmetry.

Paint your mask. Take care as you hold it; if your fingers touch the wet paint you could smear it (or get it on your clothes). Paint on several coats to get a rich hue.
The choice of color is a personal one, but traditional colors include deep reds and metallics. Use a small paintbrush to ensure clean lines.

Allow the paint to dry fully. Be patient — this could take a while. Set it on a covered surface in an open area and leave it be.
Depending on the type of paint you used, this could take up to 4 hours.

Glue on your extras. This is totally up to you, but do consider weight, bulk, and tackiness. Too many embellishments will leave your mask looking overdone.
Masquerade masks are traditionally loud and flashy, so adding materialssuch as rhinestones, glitter and colorful feathers is normal. Stick with your originally planned theme and don’t overcrowd the surface.

Paint and adorn your dowel to match your mask. If you don’t have a dowel, you can use chopsticks, a firm straw, or a very carefully rolled up piece of card.
Feathers are the traditionally adornment to a dowel, but you can use strings of pearls, leaves, or any embellishment you see fit.

Adhere the handle to the backside of the mask. The easiest way to do this will be with a hot glue gun, though other methods will work, too. The position of the handle is unimportant. Some masquerade masks have handles coming from the middle, others have it from either side, and some masks have no handle at all.

Allow the glue to dry fully. Hold the dowel in position for 30 seconds to make sure it’s secure and in place. If it moves at all, apply more glue. Wave around your mask a bit — if it seems sturdy, you’re done!

With Tulle or Sheer Fabric
Print out your template. With this method, you can print out a template that has a great amount of detail. It will take longer, but you’ll be able to include as much detail as you’d like.
Place it on the table. Clear a space much wider than the paper on your surface.

Tape a piece of plastic wrap over the template. Make sure it’s covered on all sides and the template can’t move around underneath.
If you seem to be having issues, tape the edges of the template down to the table, too.

Tape tulle over the plastic wrap. It should be much bigger on all sides than your template. It does not have to be perfectly centered; it just has to be bigger.
If you don’t have tulle, you can use sheer fabric. Know that tulle is stiffer and easier to work with it.

Trace the template with fabric paint. For your first mask, you may want to stick to one color. Be careful not to rest the edge on your hand on the template, smearing the paint.
If you do use more than one color, be aware that the colors may run a bit together where they meet.

Let it dry overnight.

Cut out the mask. Gently peel the tulle off the table, making sure everything is dry first. Carefully cut out the edges of the mask and the eyeholes.

Attach ribbon to the edges. Cut two pieces of ribbon 20″ each. Spread a little fabric glue on the tips and attach them to the mask. Let dry 1-2 hours.
You can trim the strands shorter if you like, just make sure it will tie around your head before cutting!

With Plaster
Put petroleum jelly over the to-be-masked area on your face. Be generous — if you miss an area, it may hurt when you’re taking it off.
This method will not pull out your eyebrows. Just be liberal with your application of the petroleum jelly; you’ll be thankful you did.

Start forming your mask. Cut and wet your strips of plaster and make an ‘X’ on your face. Place the first two strips diagonally across the bridge of your nose.
Apply strips until you have attained the shape of the mask you want. Take extra care around your eyes — leave a little more room than you need.

Smooth out all the pieces as you put them on. You’ll want a smooth base to design later on.

Take off the mask. You’ll have to wait for it to dry first, though. When it starts to become itchy, that’s when you know it’s ready.
Loosen up the mask by scrunching your face over and over. The movement of your face and the jelly will slowly ease the mask off the form of your face.

Add shape to the mask. This step is completely optional — if you’re happy with the shape of your mask now, move onto decorating. But if you’d like to add a bit more, go on ahead!
If you’d like to add ears or any other shape, cut it out from a piece of card and glue on. Attach more plaster on and around it until it’s smooth and allow it to dry.

Attach a dowel. The most accessible way to do this is with a disposable chopstick. Glue it on and place plaster strips over the tip. Smooth over. Any stick-like object will do. When you’re finished attaching the dowel, allow it to dry overnight.

Break out the sandpaper. Start grinding away to smooth the rough areas. It doesn’t have to be perfect, but this will remove the grainy, granular look of the plaster.
Wipe the dust off with a cloth and spray with a coat of clear paint to seal. Let it dry.

Start painting. Here’s where you get to do just about whatever you want. It may be wise to stick to one color. Most masquerade masks employ only one color scheme.
Once you’re done painting, you may want to include a top coat of glitter spray. It adds a nice, finishing touch.

Add your embellishments. They’ll cover the tip of your dowel and make your mask look professional and stylish.
Think about bows, feathers, ribbon, and jewels. And definitely think about combinations!

You can purchase plain plastic face masks at many craft stores, which would allow you to skip having to create a mask with paper.

Adding too many details to the mask’s outline can make it difficult to cut out.

Stay calm if you mess up. It takes a while to get it right.

Painting the inside of the mask can help to prevent the paper from warping or curling.

If the mask is too flimsy with the thickest paper, trace the mask onto cardboard and glue it to the back.

Some paints can irritate the skin. Be aware of the types of paint you’re using and the proximity to your skin.

Things You’ll Need
With Paper or Card
Thick paper







Decorative materials

With Tulle or Sheer Fabric

Plastic wrap




Fabric paint



With Plaster
Plaster wrap


Petroleum Jelly


Card (optional)




Related wikiHows
How to Have a Masquerade Ball Sleepover

How to Make a Cheap Masquerade Mask

How to Throw a Masquerade Party

How to Make a Venetian Mask

How to Make a Masky Costume

Sources and Citations

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How to Melt Marshmallows

Although the s’more has become a cult summer snack, there are several ways to successfully melt marshmallows without a campfire. You can melt them on the stovetop for frosting, toast them in an oven for an easy topping or flavoring, or even roast them over a fire.

Melting Marshmallows on a Stovetop
Place a large, heavy saucepan on your stove.

Coat the bottom and sides with cooking spray.

Pour one 16 oz. (454g) bag of mini marshmallows into the saucepan. Mini marshmallows will melt faster than large or jumbo sizes.

Turn the burner to medium heat.

Add three to four tbsp. (44 to 59ml) of water.

Stir for five to seven minutes with a wooden spoon. Once you can no longer see the mini marshmallow shapes, you should be ready to let it cool and roll it into fondant or combine it with milk and powdered sugar for frosting.

Melting Marshmallows in the Oven
Pre-heat your oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit (177 Celsius).

Place jumbo marshmallows on some parchment paper on a baking tray, leaving four inches (10cm) of space between each one. You can also place them directly on top of graham crackers or cupcakes to cut out an extra step of trying to transfer sticky marshmallows.

Insert the tray into the oven.

Turn your oven light on. You will want to watch them for the perfect consistency.

Wait five to 10 minutes. If you want a crispy, fire-like texture, turn the broiler on during the last two minutes. Watch them carefully to avoid burning them.[1]

Remove the marshmallow tray from the oven. Set it on a rack to cool slightly.

Press down on the tops of the marshmallows to spread the marshmallow over the graham cracker or cupcake. A gooey marshmallow should naturally want to cover the top of the dessert.[2]

Melting Marshmallows with Fire
Place a large or jumbo marshmallow on a skewer. If you are using a campfire, use a fresh branch or a metal skewer with a handle. If you are using a gas grill or a food preparation torch, you can use bamboo skewers.

Start up your gas grill. Put it on medium to high heat so that you have some flames.

Hold the skewer at the very end so that the flame doesn’t come close to your hands.

Place the marshmallow over the flame and turn it. If you are using a torch you can move the torch across the surface of the marshmallow instead of moving the skewer.[3]

Check the surface frequently so that you don’t burn it or start it on fire. Constant movement will create an evenly melted surface.

Remove it from the gas grill flame or turn the torch off when it is partially melted or toasted. Add it to your recipe or eat it immediately. Don’t forget to turn off your gas grill when all of your marshmallows have been roasted.
This method is perfect for toasting a marshmallow for topping. For example, a marshmallow milkshake can have several roasted marshmallows incorporated into the mixture in the blender and one on top for garnish.


Things You’ll Need
Mini marshmallows



Wooden spoon

Cooking spray



Baking sheet

Parchment paper

Cupcakes/graham crackers

Cooling rack


Oven light

Oven mit


Gas grill/torch/campfire

Sources and Citations
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How to Eat Healthy

Eating healthy is crucial to maintaining good health. Fortunately, it’s easier than it sounds. Arm yourself with knowledge and you’re halfway there. If you think of eating healthy not as a sacrifice, but more as an opportunity for self-improvement, you’re almost at the finish line. You don’t need someone to tell you the numerous health benefits that putting away the donuts and hamburgers will get you. You want someone to show you how it’s done. Here’s a glimpse.

Choosing a Healthy Diet
Choose the right carbohydrates. Simple carbs, like sugar and flour, are quickly absorbed by the body’s digestive system. This causes a kind of carb overload, and your body releases huge amounts of insulin to combat the overload. Eat these in moderation. Complex carbs, on the other hand, are slowly digested by the body. They include whole-grain flour, hearty vegetables, oats, and unprocessed grains like brown rice. These foods are usually higher in vitamins and other nutrients that are beneficial to the body, and they are higher in fiber (which keeps your digestive system running smoothly).
Consider eating leafy greens like kale, collard greens, mustard greens, and Swiss chard. They are packed with nutrients and will fill you up very quickly. A simple sauté with olive oil, garlic, a little salt and pepper and you have a surprisingly tasty meal that is very nutritious.

Choose wheat (brown) bread instead of white bread and whole wheat pasta instead of “normal” pasta. Processed carbohydrates such as those found in white bread are harder to draw nutrients from, and therefore constitute empty calories. Plain oat meal is also very healthy for you.

Eat lean, mean protein. Aim to get between 10% and 35% of your daily calories from protein.[1] Protein helps you build muscle and gives you lasting energy throughout the day. Some examples of healthy proteins include: Lean fish such as flounder, sole, cod, bass, perch, and halibut.

Lean poultry such as chicken or duck breast.

Legumes like beans and soy products (e.g. edamame and tofu).

Nuts like cashews.

Know the difference between good fat and bad fat. You need to consume fat for your body to function correctly. However, it’s important to choose the right kinds of fats. Here’s a quick primer.
Monounsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids are good fats, which you should try to consume regularly. They help lower the “bad cholesterol” in your body by raising “good cholesterol”. Foods that are high in fatty acids are olive oil, nuts, fish oil, and various seed oils. Adding these “good” fats to your weekly diet can lower your cholesterol and reduce your risk of heart disease.

Avoid trans fats and saturated fats. Trans fats are a form of unsaturated fat commonly found in processed foods, and consuming them raises your risk of heart disease. Read the labels of what you eat, and look for “hydrogenated” anything on the ingredient list.

Stock up on superfoods. So-called superfoods may have a misleading title, but some truly are a cut above. Superfoods may have the ability to fight heart disease, stave off cancer, lower cholesterol, and even boost your mood.[2] Here are just a few of them:
Blueberries. Blueberries may facilitate brain health.[3] If you don’t have access to blueberries, try fresh berries, raspberries, or cranberries.

Algae. It may not sound appetizing, but then again when you read the list of health benefits you may think again. Rich in vitamins, minerals, and amino acids, as well as beneficial in managing natural flora in the gut.[4] Salmon. Another creature of the sea makes the list, and for good reason. Salmon is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, a good type of fat. Omega-3 fats are good for blood pressure, brain function, and heart health.[5]

Watch your salt intake.[6] Although humans need salt in moderation, too much salt can lead to high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and excessive stomach acid.[7] Use salt sparingly, and always check labels on food for the “reduced sodium” option if it’s available.

Practice moderation. Don’t over-consume any one food or type of food. Instead, try to vary your diet so that you eat a little bit of everything in a moderate amount.
Some people might be great at giving up meat, sugar, alcohol, or other foods. However, most of us are likely to give it up for awhile, then break down and binge. Avoid this deprivation-binge cycle by allowing yourself to have small “cheats”. For instance, if you want to eat less sugar, allow yourself to eat one dessert each Friday night and abstain for the rest of the week. Having a break to look forward to can help you power through the other days.

Making Easy but Healthy Decisions
Drink plenty of water. Staying hydrated with basic H2O is an easy and dramatic way to improve your health and shed pounds, all while helping you feel full. Drink water during and after meals to aid digestion, and try to consume between 2 and 3 liters per day.[8][9]
If you feel like snacking, try drinking a full glass of water first. Some people confuse thirst for hunger, and eat a 400- or 500-calorie snack when a glass of water would have helped them feel satiated. If you’re still hungry 15 minutes after your drink, then it’s time for a snack.

Avoid soft drinks, juices, sports and energy drinks, as well as other products containing artificial sweeteners. Giving up sugary drinks is one of the easiest ways you can instantly improve your diet and become healthier. A can of coke adds 139 extra calories to your diet.[10] A glass of grape juice will set you back even more. Try drinking water only to improve and aid digestion. [11] A white chocolate creme frappuccino has a whopping 500 calories.[12] While it’s okay to treat yourself to these and other drinks every once in a while, it’s not a good idea to make them a regular part of your diet.

Participate in Meatless Mondays. Meatless Monday is an international campaign that encourages people to give up eating meat one day per week. Eating less meat can have several health benefits, as most people already have enough protein in their diets. [13] In fact, vegetarians and vegans weigh less than meat-eaters, and live longer on average.[14][15]

Stay away from fast food. We all know fast food is bad for our health. Yet it continues to remain a weekly staple for too many people. For one, fast food is often fried, processed, and excessively salty. Add soft drinks and fries and your meal could easily burn through half of your suggested caloric intake for the day. To add insult to injury, much of the fat contained in fast food is trans fat, the worst kind of fat.[16]

Drink one glass of wine or beer occasionally, but be wary of more. Adults who drink a glass of wine or beer with their meal report numerous health benefits, including improved memory function, reduced bacterial infection, and even boosted estrogen levels.[17] Unfortunately, what may be good in small doses can be destructive in larger doses. Any more than two drinks of alcohol per day is probably detrimental to your health.[18]
Red wine, in particular, contains a polyphenol called resveratrol that scientists believe is particularly heart-healthy. Resveratrol works by improving the function of blood vessels in the heart and curbing the amount of “bad” cholesterol in your body.[19]
Are you pregnant and worried about drinking? While it’s normal for expectant mothers to abstain from alcohol, scientists say that it’s perfectly harmless to drink one glass of wine a day.[20]

Changing Your Mindset
Adopt a healthy attitude towards food. Take a hard look at your eating habits. Do you eat more when you feel stressed?[21] Do you withhold food from yourself in order to feel like you’re in control? Try to evaluate whether you have an unhealthy emotional attachment to food. If you do, here are a few steps to consider:
Find a healthier replacement. If you find that you tend to gorge on unhealthy foods when you’re stressed, find a substitute activity — for instance, you could instead go for a walk, take a long bath, or call a trusted friend for a chat. Whatever you choose, it should be something that helps you decompress so that you no longer feel the need to binge.

See food as sustenance. A lot of Western culture is rife with messages that food is for entertainment or for relieving boredom. Break yourself of this cognitive habit by consciously evaluating food in terms of what it can do to keep your body healthy. Ask yourself if what you’re about to put in your mouth is good for you, and if it will help your body function as it was designed to.

Consult a medical professional. Eating disorders are classified as mental illnesses, and you can’t always just talk yourself into stopping destructive behaviors. [22] If you suspect that you have an eating disorder (whether it’s over- or under-eating), ask your general practitioner to refer you to the appropriate care.

Determine how many calories your body needs to function each day. This number can vary widely, depending upon your metabolism and how physically active you are. As a rule, the more muscle mass you have, the more calories you need to consume to function properly. Otherwise, your body will start breaking down muscle tissue for energy.
If you’re the kind of person who puts on 10 pounds just smelling a slice of pizza, then your daily caloric intake should stay around 2000 calories for men, and 1500 calories for women. Your body mass also plays a part in this — more calories are suitable for naturally bigger people, and fewer calories for smaller people.

If you’re the kind of person who can eat without putting on a pound, or you’re physically active, you may want to increase your daily caloric intake by 1000-2000 calories, a little less for women.

Don’t skip breakfast. Many people do this because they think they can drop pound, or they just don’t feel hungry first thing in the morning. Although the scientific evidence is still inconclusive[23][24][25], there are several reasons why you might not want to skip what many people believe is the “most important meal of the day”.
Eating breakfast gets your metabolism going and keeps it active throughout the morning. Skipping breakfast may kick off the “starvation response” in some people. Your brain says “There is no food! It has been hours! It must be a famine!” The next time you eat, the body stores as much fat as it possibly can.[26]
Furthermore, skipping breakfast might leave you famished by lunch, causing you to binge as a way to compensate.

A small breakfast is better than no breakfast. If you don’t feel up to a full meal, at least drink some water and eat a piece of fruit, a granola bar, or a piece of toast. Get more nutritious bang for your buck by eating a breakfast smoothie.

On the other hand, a technique called “intermittent fasting” has been shown to contribute to more rapid weight loss with possibly other health benefits. The effect, however, may vary from individual to individual. [27] However, it may not be a good idea to skip breakfast the day of an important exam, job interview, or other critical event as you may be distracted by your hunger or not have enough energy to perform up to your potential.

Eat slowly. Have you ever gorged on a huge meal and felt fine immediately after, but felt like exploding 15 minutes later? This happens because it takes some time for your stomach to tell your brain that it’s full. Circumvent the problem by consuming your food slower. That way, by the time you get the message and start feeling satisfied, you haven’t consumed too much extra food.Slow yourself down by waiting 5 or 10 minutes between each course. Chew each bite of food 20 to 30 times before swallowing.

Drink a full glass of water throughout your meal. Stopping for sips will slow your eating, as well as helping you feel fuller.

Eat five times per day. You may consider eating three meals per day (breakfast, lunch and dinner), with two snacks in between. Doing this allows you to eat slightly less at your meals, giving your body a more manageable amount of food to digest, and keeps your blood sugar steadier throughout the day because you’re not going six hours at a stretch without eating.

Never go on an EXTREME DIET!!!! You NEVER want to come to the point where you can’t drink any specific liquids or you have to stay away from things that are actually nutritious for you. If you feel you have more questions or you think you or a family member/friend might be going through this, make sure to contact your doctor or talk to people close to you.

Consider eating fruit and vegetable salads instead of fast foods.

Carry water with you at all times. Try to drink water in place of soft drinks and other flavored beverages. A good rule of thumb is to drink half your body weight in ounces per day.

Try to lower your junk food consumption little by little and in a month or so you will frown upon junk foods!

Eat before you shop so you can focus on your grocery list without having any unnecessary cravings.

Make sure there isn’t a lot of unhealthy food in your house that can tempt you. Give or throw away the foods you shouldn’t eat. You can’t eat what you don’t have! And don’t buy those thrown away again!

Non-fat yogurt can make a great snack, and its healthy bacteria can help with various stomach problems.

Cravings for junk food usually stop after about 2 weeks of eating healthy.

When you think you’re craving for unhealthy foods, it may mean your body needs something with nutrients and vitamins, so eat healthier alternatives like fruits or vegetables to stop that unhealthy craving.

Try chewing more. This will give your body more time to digest the food and absorb nutrients.

With labels such as “fat free” or “sugar free” there are more chemicals. Most of the time, the simpler the ingredients list, the healthier the food is. For example, juicing your own orange juice is always healthier than store bought orange juice. Even if its labeled fat free on the container. If you make your juice at home, you know exactly what is in your juice and not relying on a label to be truthful.

Have patience. You won’t see a drastic drop in your cholesterol level or weight or increase in your energy level immediately. You need to give the changes in diet some time to kick in. You may start to notice changes a couple weeks later.

If you are in school then always eat a healthy breakfast before going to school

Try not to buy so much junk food because you will feel tempted to eat it.

Even though eating healthy is good for you, it is a quite a bit harder. Avoid starving yourself w calories. If you want to gain weight for a football team or some such reason, you are going to choose food with lots of calories. However, too many calories, not enough exercise, and eating too much at one time, can make you fat.

Drink water instead of soft drinks or alcohol.

Take time to change your diet. For example try switching from chocolate dessert to a heather choice. Then try something else.

Wash your hands and mouth before and after eating.

Related wikiHows
How to Be Healthier Without a Dramatic Lifestyle Change

Sources and Citations
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How to Open a Champagne Bottle with a Sword

Amaze everyone at your next social function with le sabrage, or opening a bottle of champagne (or any sparkling wine) with a sword. Napoleon’s officers did it––now you can, too! Teaching yourself to “behead” a bottle of champagne isn’t hard, but takes a little practice (and a case or two of cheap bubbly) to perfect.

Obtain a bottle of chilled champagne that has not been shaken. It is bestif the bottle has chilled in a cold refrigerator overnight. Some people additionally advise chilling the neck of the bottle in an ice-water bucket just before sabering.

Wipe away any moisture on the bottle with a napkin. Remove the foil fromthe top of the bottle. Unwrap and remove the wire cage from the bottle. Alternatively, to avoid the risk of the cork getting pushed out on its own prior to sabrage, loosen the wire cage and raise it up to the next level, then tighten it back down on the upper flanged end of the bottle.

Locate one of the seams on the bottle. This is where the two halves of the bottle join together.

Hold the bottle firmly and at a 30 to 45 degree angle upwards (pointed ina safe direction).

Lay the sword against the bottle. Put the back side of the sword (the blunt, non-cutting edge) towards the cork, as shown in the pictures. Move the sword to the base of the neck, still keeping it flat against the bottle.

Slide the sword slowly and gently along the bottle back to the lip. This is to get a feel for the movement you will need to execute. Go back and forth lightly until you feel comfortable holding the sword to the bottle with this motion.

Firmly and quickly slide the knife down the vertical seam (the cleanest break will occur at the seam intersection), towards the lip that holds the cork. This should be one firm, continuous movement. Weak, unsure attempts often result in simply ricocheting off the top of the bottle. With the correct amount of pressure and the blade properly positioned (flat and on the seam), the lip of the bottle (a little glass ring) and the cork within should cleanly break off (as shown in the picture) and go flying.


The backyard is a good place to do this trick as long as you pick up your cork (and bottle neck) before you mow.

You can find “Champagne Swords” on the Internet. If you can’t get your hands on a sword, a large kitchen knife or a solid butcher’s knife can do the trick. Use a knife with a flat profile (parallel sides).

This trick typically takes half to a full a case to master. Plan on making at least a $30 investment to learn (6 x $5 bottles). Practice with inexpensive, corked sparkling wine. However, some inexpensive bottles are cheaply made from inferior glass, which can lead to a higher rate of breakage and are therefore riskier to work with. Gizmodo noted that French and Spanish bottles seem to break more cleanly than American ones.[1]
The “beheaded” portion of the bottle has a very sharp glass edge. Be very careful picking it up.

If you’d love to include Champagne sabering in your next event but you’re too afraid to give it a go, there are official Champagne sabering experts who can be hired for your event. Look for a person who is officially trained by the “La Confrerie du Sabre d’Or”. This person may even be able to show you how to do it, if preferred.

Throw away any incorrectly beheaded bottles. Do not drink from any bottles that break messily. A correctly beheaded bottle has a single, clean break (which is still sharp, but not shattered).

Screw-top sparkling wine (like Andre brand) will not work.

Non-carbonated wine will not work. The pressure inside the bottle is part of what makes this work.

Even if you correctly behead the bottle, make sure to pour out a little of the champagne before serving it just in case there are any little slivers of glass .

This party trick is impressive––use it for a wedding reception, New Year’s Eve, a special birthday, etc. as part of the ceremonial activities.

If your first try doesn’t work, be aware that the agitation of the first swipe will cause the wine to “spew” more when you are successful. Multiple attempts to behead a bottle will contribute to a messy break (and an undrinkable bottle).

Things You’ll Need
A well-chilled bottle of Champagne or sparkling wine sealed with a cork

A large knife or sword that has a squared back edge

Ample space to send the cork and bottle neck flying (6-10 feet/1.8-3 meters)

Related wikiHows
How to Buy Wine for a Crowd

How to Chill Champagne

How to Throw a Cocktail Party

How to Have a Fancy Dinner Party

How to Host a Wine Tasting Party

How to Open a Wine Bottle Without a Corkscrew

How to Brew Cheap Wine

Sources and Citations Instructional Video – Source of information and some of the images. Shared with permission.

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How to Make a Modular Origami Stellated Icosahedron

An icosahedron is a polyhedron that has twenty triangular faces. A stellated icosahedron has each of those faces raised to a triangular pyramid. With thirty pieces of square paper, you too can make a sturdy version of this geometric marvel, using no glue at all. If you have three different colors of paper, you can make a version of the model where no two units of the same color touch one another (except at a point).

Making the units
Start with a single sheet of square paper, with each side measuring approximately 3 inches (about 7.5 cm).

Fold it in half, and make a crease along the fold.

Unfold the previous fold.

Fold in the right and left sides of the square to meet the crease you just made, to make a rectangle. This is often called a cupboard fold, or book fold.

Flip your rectangle over.

Make a diagonal fold where the top right corner meets the left side of your rectangle. Make sure to fold over both ‘doors’ of the cupboard fold.

Turn your paper upside down.

Make another diagonal fold where the top right corner meets the side ofthis shape. Remember to fold over both ‘doors’ of the cupboard fold. This makes a parallelogram.

Make a diagonal fold where the top corner meets the right corner of the parallelogram.

Make another diagonal fold where the bottom corner meets the left corner of the parallelogram. You will end up with a small square.

Flip this square over.

Fold the square in half, making a crease that goes perpendicular to the cupboard fold visible on the square.

Congratulations! You’ve made your first unit!

Putting the units together
Make thirty units. If you have three different colors of paper, make ten of each color.

Now, we can start putting the units together. The surface of the stellated icosahedron is made up of a number of pyramids (in fact, if you take the regular icosahedron – a solid with twenty triangular faces – and make each face the base of a triangular pyramid, you get a stellated icosahedron). So we start by using the units to make a series of connected pyramids.

Start with two units of different colors. The triangular ends of each unit are called ‘tabs’, and the square in the center of the unit contains ‘pockets’ made up by the cupboard fold that goes along the diagonal. Begin by putting the tab of one unit (pictured in orange below) into the pocket of another (pictured in yellow).

Pick a unit of a different color (pictured red) next and put its tab in the ‘orange’ pocket, while also inserting the ‘yellow’ tab in the ‘red’ pocket. Congratulations – you made your first pyramid!

Notice that each unit has two pockets. Continue by taking a new unit (orange in this case), and put its tab in the yellow unit’s second pocket.

Take a new (red) unit as before, and put its tab in the second orangeunit’s pocket, also putting the yellow tab in the red unit’s pocket. Tada! You now have two adjacent pyramids.

Continue adding pyramids in this manner until you have five pyramids that all meet at a point. If you are using three unit colors, make sure to never put the tab of a unit into a pocket of another unit of the same color. This ensures a regular, colorful pattern on your stellated icosahedron.

Keep adding pyramids to your stellated icosahedron, making sure that there are never more than five pyramids meeting at a point. You may need to feel your way around a bit to make sure that you never end up having to put a tab into a pocket of the same color. Don’t worry if you do – you can carefully prise your units apart and rearrange them until you find a proper arrangement.

Proceed, making sure that no more than five pyramids meet at a point, and your model will take shape. The last unit is tricky – you’ll have to make sure that both its tabs go into pockets, and both its pockets are filled by the two remaining free tabs. Proceed with care.

Hooray! You now have a fully formed, colorful, stellated icosahedron.

When making the units, do your best to make clean and precise folds. Neat, uniform units are much easier to put together.

This model is pretty sturdy, despite the lack of glue. It can also be taken apart relatively easily and put back together again. As a result, the stellated icosahedron makes a good box for a small, light present (such as jewelry, or a note). If you want to make it a gift box, simply insert the item to be gifted into the model before attaching the last few pieces.

Adapt the colors used to make festive displays for Christmas, Easter, orany other holiday or festival.

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How to Maintain a Clean Home

These are tips that the entire family can and should use. All family members living in the home should help take care of the home they live in. Almost everyone can do something, even small children. There is no reason why Mom should clean up behind herself and everyone else too! After all, if everyone is partaking of the blessings of the home to live in, everyone should help take care of it. While no one will change overnight, incorporating these tips into your daily life will soon make new and neater habits for even the messiest of the messes.

Clean up any and all messes immediately. You will get into the habit of doing this after a while. Once you walk away from it, chances are that you won’t go back to it.

Make a habit of cleaning up as you go! This saves time and keeps your home clean and organized. Washing dishes as you cook works great and prevents the large pile to wash after the meal.

If you can’t clean as you go, take 15 minutes a day to clean your home. It’s a tempting thought to try and clean the entire house all at once, and if you can do that, great! However, most don’t have that much time set aside on any one day. Instead, start with the kitchen and bathroom. These are two rooms that should always be clean and sanitary. Make it a goal to clean those two rooms and keep them clean. Then work on the rest of the home. Once you have a room clean and organized, make an effort to clean as you go so that it stays that way.

Keep a bag/box for items that you no longer use/need. This includes clothes, toys, books….whatever is in your home that’s not being used. Keep everything labeled with the date that you put it in the bag—get rid of it after seven days. You can donate it, sell it, trash it—just get rid of them! The idea here is to get rid of clutter, not just to move it from one place to another.

Clean during commercial breaks. If you watch TV, have everyone hop upduring commercials to do simple tasks like putting shoes away, hanging up coats and school bags up etc. Three people doing that three or four times through a 1/2 hour show equals a sum close to an hour of work! In addition, this ends up feelings more like a game than a chore.

Keeping a Kitchen Clean
Never go to bed with a dirty kitchen. Even if you can’t get to the dishes right after a meal, make sure the kitchen is clean before bedtime to prevent an unmanageable mess.

Clean out your sink. After dinner each night, wash the dirty dishes that have accumulated through the day. If you have a dishwasher, load the dishes in for cleaning. If you don’t, set them in a rack to dry once hand cleaned. When the sink is clear, wipe it down with soap and a dish towel to sanitize and clean it. Rinse with water. This step should take only a few minutes to complete.

Spray a kitchen cleaner on the stove top, tabletops, and counters. Thenwipe down with a clean paper or cloth towel. Be sure to clean any spots or stuck-on food as you go. It should only take a minute’s worth of work.

Inspect the kitchen floor for any spots or spills, and use the same cloth you used on the counter to wipe them up. You don’t need to use spray cleaner unless the spots are really stuck on. Aim to spend 30 seconds to 1 minute on this task.

Sweep the floor with a broom quickly if necessary. If there are food particles or visible dirt, you need to get rid of it before it builds up later. Spend 1 to 2 minutes on this job.

Set rules in your house to require everyone to pitch in. If someone goes in to get a snack, make it clear that it’s their responsibility to clean up immediately after they make the mess.

Keeping a Bathroom Clean
Spray a glass cleaner on the mirror if has spots on it. Use a paper orcloth towel to wipe it down quickly. It should take only a few seconds, and if there’s no visible debris on the mirror, skip the step. You’ll get to it when you do your heavier cleaning.

Wipe down the sink with the same cloth you used on the mirror. If youdidn’t clean the mirror, simply spray the cleaner in the sink and on the faucet and wipe up. Spend no more than 30 seconds on this step unless you have trouble spots that need attention.

Use the same cloth from the sink and mirror to wipe down the edges of your tub, if you have one, and then the toilet seat, and rim. Make sure to do the toilet last. These tasks take only 1 minute to do.

Scrub the toilet bowl with a toilet brush if there’s a visible ring. It should take only 30 seconds. Leaving a ring to sit will make heavier cleaning take longer. If there’s no ring, skip it for later.

Spray an all-purpose daily cleaner on the shower doors or curtains, andwipe down with a clean, dry cloth. Once you get this in to your routine, it should take 1 minute and will help drastically cut down on the build-up of soap scrum.

Keeping a Bedroom Clean
Take 2 minutes to make the bed. If you’re in a hurry, pull the comforter over unkempt sheets, and smooth it down. You’ll be getting in it soon anyway.

Hang your worn clothes from the day on hangers, or toss them into the dirty clothes hamper. Take a minute to put away any jewelry or accessories, which will help keep the room clutter free.

Clear off the nightstands from last night. Remove any old water glasses, magazines, or items you don’t need right by the bed, and put them in the proper place. This should take 30 seconds.

Keeping a Living Room Clean
Straighten up the sofa. Remove any toys, books, or junk, and fluff the pillows. Fold any throw blankets, and put them back in place. This step takes 1 to 2 minutes, and is essential in keeping the room clean.

Wipe down table surfaces with a clean cloth to remove crumbs, prints, or water rings. Spending 1 minute on this step will ensure you’re lightening your load when it’s time to do a more substantial cleaning job.

Use a hand-held vacuum to pick up any dirt, food, or miscellaneous grime on the floor or rugs. Take 1 to 2 minutes here, and don’t forget to zip over the surfaces of sofas or chairs if needed.

Clear the floors of any clutter. Take up to 4 or 5 minutes to put away any toys, books, games, or other items that aren’t where they belong. With this last step, your home should be in top shape for the day.

Make a list of chores that need to be done and scratch them off as you go. It will help prevent you from forgetting something and others can see what is left to be done. There won’t be confusion with what they can assist with.

While everyone is different and works at a different pace, everyone can do this!

Go through your refrigerator the night before your trash pickup. Get rid of old foods or condiments that go unused. If the jar of olives has been there for 2 years, it is time to toss them. Check expiration dates on dressings and other condiments. Wipe off what shelves you can. Because your trash gets picked up the next day you won’t need to worry about your outside trash can starting to smell.

After your trash pick up you should spray bleach into your outside trashcan and hose out. Odors will be reduced and bugs and insects won’t be drawn to it. Let it dry in the sun. Before you add your first trash bag you can spray the interior and the lid with Raid or other bug spray. This isn’t so much an issue when the weather gets cold but it can save you from a smelly disaster.

Every time you look in the refrigerator try to remove something old or unused. You’ll get into the habit of looking and it will save you that smelly science project surprise later on.

All members living in the home should do their part. There is no excuse for anyone to not help out unless they are physically or mentally unable to do so. Even a baby that crawls at six months can be taught to begin put their toy into the toy box. Get everyone involved and get organized!

Curtains could be changed occasionally, dry cleaned and kept ready for use.

Related wikiHows
How to Make Cleaning a Habit

How to Make a Clean Room Feel Cleaner

How to Create Some Space Under the Drawer

How to Conserve Water when Doing Dishes

How to Remove Wax from a Candle Holder

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How to Live in a State of Non Attachment

Why should we live in a state of non attachment? There are plenty of reasons why living a life of non attachment is beneficial, and yet so often we are deterred by the notion, because we see people living the extreme example of this, and fear we might become the same. The great thing about living in non attachment is that even if you do end up giving up all your possessions and living off the land, it will be what your soul truly desires, so you’re just getting out of your own way in the long run. Attachments come in all shapes and sizes, and can sneak their way into our lives. This article will offer suggestions to help you better identify these areas in yourself so that you can live the best life you can. If you’ve come to this article, then you’ve made a great step in helping to unfold your life in the best possible way.

Start small. The best way to practice this concept is by starting small, even at a minute level. Learn to let go of something that you don’t hold a strong bond to first; then snowball from there. If you keep old clothes in your closets that you’ve never worn due to wrong sizes, or shoes with large holes in them that you’ll never wear again you’ll be familiar with clinging to things that don’t enhance your life. Try taking some of those items and giving them to a charity or thrift store. Immediately, you’ll feel how liberating non-attachment can be. This first step will get you into the practice of letting go; it’s walking before running.

Observe your emotional attachments. The basis of attachment ultimatelyboils down to an emotional connection to things, places, ideas, and more. A great way to better understand these bonds is to find something you would hate to give away, and to imagine yourself letting go of it.
At this stage it’s important that you don’t let go of it, but just observe what happens inside yourself, and what messages crop up. If you’re attached to a favourite food that might cause health problems in the long run, just imagine yourself never eating that food again. What thoughts instantly arise? Are you feeling defensive? Don’t guilt yourself or use the word should, just calmly watch your mind.

Trace your emotional attachments. Going along with the previous food example, can you trace any of these thoughts back as to why you’re feeling defensive? Do you love the food because you hold nostalgic memories of the past in which the item played a role? This can be a tough stage, understanding why you’ve formed these bonds, but if you’re gentle and patient with yourself, it can actually be fun. Sometimes you can trace your attachments to certain things that are based out of fearful thoughts, which no longer benefit you. In another example, if you’re attached to a certain concept like, “If I’m not aggressive, then others will take advantage of me,” you can find those traces link back to prior events in which you were hurt. This is where it’s important that you are kind to yourself, because you only want to keep yourself safe, but maybe you can begin to let go.

Practice letting go. If in your head you’re still looking at the previous example of being taken advantage of, then ask yourself what it would feel like if you let it go. Maybe you’ll find that you imagine terrible things at first, such as people pushing you around if you’re kind, or similar thoughts. Do not judge these thoughts, just understand them. When you are calm enough to allow them to be, start to pull examples of where these terrible events didn’t take place in your past, meaning those occasions where you practiced being open and kind to others and they reciprocated that back to you. In this step, you don’t have to let go of the connections, but allow your mind to bring you an unbiased list of examples. Even if you’ve never had a positive experience in the area you’d like to change, now is a great time to imagine wonderful things happening, to set the intentions into motion. The key here is to begin filling your mind with thoughts of positive changes that will come.

Work on acceptance. This is an important stage for you. Often when you feel that you don’t have enough strength to let go of something, you may tend to beat yourself up for it; don’t. Accept where you are and know that you’ll only grow stronger. If you’re not ready to call it quits with a toxic relationship, then practice the above steps until you can reach that positive moment of detaching. If you can’t give away an old book you no longer need then accept that about yourself, when the time is right you’ll be ready for anything you need to do. When you can accept that you can’t follow through with something actively, then you allow yourself the time to prepare for it by visualising the moment, until it comes true. Imagine it through this analogy, if you want to be in Florida but currently live in California, then visualisation is exemplary of the gas you put in your car that will take you there. You won’t make it to Florida on one tank, but if you continually fill up your car along the way, you’ll eventually reach your destination and say, “I’m here, I’ve made it!’

Let go. When you let go of things, you free yourself in ways that will make you a better version of yourself. When you let go of that old book you no longer need, and give it to someone who will use it, you are not only giving but allowing new good things to come into your life. You discover that these old thoughts, beliefs, ideas, emotions, items, and more were only taking up space in your life, and keeping you from living at your best. If you can let go of the need to be right and can live from a standpoint of love, you’ve freed ourselves from the tyranny that you’ve created in your own life. Letting go is a great step in change and will help you immensely. Nothing defines you or dictates who you are, and when you can let go of the superficial constructs you place in attempt to define your life, you will begin to actually live.

Recognise the peace within. Letting go of anything in your life will show you that you are merely a spiritual being having a human experience. The jobs you have, the awards you get, the people you associate with, the “toys” you collect, and all else, never touched the true greatness you have within.

View non attachment as a loving practice; say to yourself, “I don’t need this to feel love, I have all the love I need within me.”

Release all things with love.

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